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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
This French biologist taught that if an organism acquired a characteristic, it could pass it on to its offspring.
Jean Baptiste Lamarck
The scientist who "accidentally" discovered the first antibiotic - penecillin
Alexander Flemming
Scientist whose work produced much of what we now know about the process of photosynthesis
Melvin Calvin
Considered to be the "father of microscopy". Developed simple microscopes in the early 1600s
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
All living things are made up of organic compounds. The major groupings of organic compounds include all the following except-
a. proteins
b. nucleic acids
c. carbs
d. lipids
e. peptides
e. peptides
the two basic components of the physical universe are:
energy and matter
the belief that nonliving things can change directly into living things is called
spontaneous generation
The cellular process where food (usually glucose) is broken down and energy is released is called
respiration
protein synthesis occurs on which of the following organelles
ribosomes
lysosomes
golgi bodies
mitochondria
mesosomes
ribosomes
a phosphorus containing compound that stores energy (energy currency of the cell)
ATP
when a bottle of ammonia is spilled in the basement and you can smell it in the kitchen what has happened?
diffusion
the building blocks of lipids are
fatty acids
a substance that yields H* when dissolved in water
acid
C6H12+02 --> 6CO2 + 6 H20 + energy
aerobic respiration
if a cell is placed in a solution of salt water (higher concentration of salt outside the cell) water will flow
out of the cell
in DNA the nitrogenous base thymine is bonded to which other base
adenine
of the following terms, which includes all of the others
species
class
phylim
order
genus
phylum
the word mono means -
self
the word hypo means -
under
the word lysis means
to break
T/F

gene mutations always cause some change in the genotype of a cell
false
the sequence of phases of mitosis is prophase, telophase, metaphase, anaphase, followed by interphase, which is actually the time between cellular divisions
False
an evolutionist would have to believe that spontaneous generation occurred at least once
true
a control group in an experiment recieves the experimental variable
false; it doesnt
unicellular organisms can have tissues, but not organs and systems
false
humans would be an example of chemosythetic organisms
false
in diffusion, molecules move with the concetration gradient; in osmosis they move against it
false
the major products of photosynthesis are glucose and CO2
false
all living things breathe oxygen
false
a germ mutation is considered more serious than a somatic mutation
true