Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/35

Click to flip

35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following is not an organic material?
Water
Which term is most appropriate to describe a molecule that desolves easily in water?
Hydrophilic
Cholesterol is an example of what kinds of molecules?
Lipids
The 20 amino acids vary only in their
Side groups
A specific reactant an enzyme acts upon is called the?
Substrate
An enzyme does which of the following?
Lowers the activation energy of a reation
Explain the connection between monomers and polymers?
Monomers are smaller units which are linked together into long chains by polymers
Which molecule is released during construction of a polymer? What is this reaction called
A dehydration reacton involves water. Every time a monomer is added to a chain.
Functional Groups
A group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictable ways with other molecules.
Hydrophilic
they attract water molecules
Monomers
Large units built from many similar, smaller molecular units
Organic molecules
Carbon based molecules
Inorganic Molecules
Non-carbon based molecules such as water, oxygen, ans amonia
Polymers
cells which link monomers together into chains
Hydrocarbons
Organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
Carbohydrates
An organic compound made up of sugar molecules
Monosaccharides
Simple sugars containing only one sugar unit
Disaccharides
Double sugar
Polysaccharides
Long polymer chains made up of simple sugar monomers
Starch
A polysaccharide found in plant cells that consists entirely of glucose monomers
Glycogen
Animal cells do not contain starch. Instead, animals such as turkeys(and humans)store excess sugar in the form of a polysaccharide
Cellulose
Building materials
Lipids
Water-Avoiding compounds
Hydrophobic
Water fearing
Saturated Fats
a fat in which all three fatty acid chains contain the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms.
Unsaturated fats
contain less than the maximum number of hydrogen atoms in one or more of its fatty acid chains.
Steriod
A lipid molecule in which the carbon skeleton forms four fused rings
Cholesterol
an essential molecule found in the membranes that surround your cells
Proteins
A polymer constructed from a set of 20 kinds of monomers called amino acids.
Amino Acids
a monomer consisting of one central carbon atom formed to four partners
Polypeptide
Cells create proteins by limking amino acids together into a chain
Denaturation
An unfavorable change in temperature, pH, or some other quality of the environment can cause a protein to unravel and lose its normal shape
Activation Energy
Start up energy
Catalysts
compoundsthat speed up chemical reactions
enzymes
the main catalysts of chemical reactions in organisms are specialized proteins