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48 Cards in this Set

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Five Importances of Bacteria
1. Nitrogen Fixation
2. Recycling of Nutrients
3. Produce Antibiotics
4. Give Flavor + Aroma to Foods
5. Cause Disease (penecillin)
Protozoa
animal - like protists
heterotrophs
unicellular
Euglenoids
Algae with pellicle instead of cell wall
Spinning Algae
red tides
2 flagellates
Golden Algae
2 halves
Red Algae
red pigments
Brown Algae
air bladders
Green Algae
green pigment
Hyphae
threadlike filaments making up fungus
Mycelium
network of Hyphae
absorbs food
Acuelomate
animals with 3 cell layers (ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm)
Pseudocoelomate
animals with incomplete body cavities
Coelem
body cavity completely surrounded
Gastropoda
stomach footed mollusks
slugs and the like
Bivalves
two valved mollusks
filter feeders
clams and the like
Cephalopoda
head footed
predators
tentacles with suckers
Polyp
tube shaped mouth with tentacle
Medusa
umbrella shaped body with tentacles
Plaatyhelminthes
flatworms
extends pharynx to feed
Purifera
pore bearers
sponge with tiny pores
filter feeders
Collar Cells
flagelated cells in sponge's body cavity
causes current in body for food to enter
Amoebocytes
cells in middle layer with nutrients around body
Cniderians
polyps and medusas
Nematoda
roundworms with simple tubelike digestive system
Annelida
segmented worms
bilaterally symetrical with coelom
Setae
tiny bristles on body segments (like cilia)
Nephridia
kidneys in worms and such
Chelicerae
modified pincers for holding food or injecting venom
Merostomata
living fossils
unchanged for 500 million years or so
Echinoderms
spiny skinned
sea stars and the like
Pedicellariae
pincerlike appendages on spines of sea stars and stuff to protect them
Water Vascular System
system of pushing out water through madreporite and pulling it in to move
Lateral Line
fluid filled canals which help fish know where they're going by detecting movement
Agnatha
jawless fish
hagfish and lamprey
Chondrichthyes
cartilage fish
sharks and rays with jaws
Osteichthyes
boney fish
ray fins and most normal fish
Archeipteryx
earliest known birdy
Cystic Fibrosis
mucus creates clogs in lungs
Tay-sachs Disease
lipids in central nervous system
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
amino acid can't be broken down
Polygenic Inheritance
pattern controlled by several genes
Nondisjunction
addintion of loss of a chromosome
Monosomy
1 less chrome
Trisomy
3 autotrophs instead of 2
Number of Chromes in a Human
46
Fransesco Redi
disproved spontaneous generation
Loius Pasteur
disproved vital force
Sydney Fox
produced protocells