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17 Cards in this Set

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Nutrient
Substance required by body to grow, have energy, repair, maintain.
Digestion
Breaking down food into molecules the body can use.
What builds a carbohydrate?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
What is a basic carb?
Monosaccharides
What makes a simple protein?
Amino Acids
What are vitamins?
Organic substances that regulate reactions and release energy
What are minerals?
Inorganic; make body structures and substances, also maintain osmotic balance and are essential for enzyme function.
What does water do?
It serves as a medium to transport gases, nutrients, and waste products.
What is the order of food transportation?
Mouth, Pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), rectum.
What are amylases?
Enzymes that begin breakdown of carbs (like starch) into monosaccharides (simple sugars)which is found in saliva.
What is Pepsin?
A digestive enzyme in the stomach that cuts one protein into smaller amino acids.
What are lipases?
Enzymes that break down fats in the small intestine.
What does the liver do?
Creates biles (makes fat cells smaller, not an enzyme!) many other functions
What does the gall bladder?
Stores Bile
What are villi?
Finger-like projections, line small intestine, carry sugars/amino acids.
What does the Small intestine do?
Digests/absorbs nutrients.
What does the colon/large intestine do?
Carries wastes through the body. (mucus, dead cells, bacteria, yeast, etc.)