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8 Cards in this Set

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What is the name of the specific location on a specific pair of Chromosomes?
Locus
What is an allele?
Different versions of the same gene, but their nucleotide sequences are different; their codons are different.
What are homologous pairs?
Each pair of chromosomes that contain the same genes.
What is early prophase?
Chromosomes condense, nuclear envelope breaks down, microtubules begin to form.
What happens in prophase 1?
Homologous pairs of chromosomes come together: *SYNAPSES
What permits Crossing over and independent assortment?
Synapses.
What is the result of Meiosis 1?
Diploid to haploid.
What is the result of meiosis 2?
Haploid to haploid: 4 gametes are produced by nuclear division.