Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/36

Click to flip

36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Organic Compounds
These are carbon containing molecules that make up living things.
Functional Group
An organic based molecules has a core with other parts attached. These other parts are groups of atoms that are called functional groups.
Macromolecules
These are molecules that contain thousands of atoms and have many functional groups.
Monomers
These are the small similar building blocks that are inked together by covalent bonds. They form…
Polymers
These are the large chainlike molecules that monomers make up.
Dehydration Synthesis
This is when one molecule of water is removed from each two monomers that are joined.
Hydrolysis
This is the process in which polymers and lipids disassemble in opposite process. It literally means “to break apart by means of water.” During the process the covalent bonds are broken between monomers with the addition of water and in the presence of enzymes.
Carbohydrates
These are molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with an H to O ratio of 2:1.
Monosaccharides
These are the least complex of the carbohydrates and are the simple sugars.
Disaccharides
This is what is formed when two monosaccharide link together.
Polysaccharides
These are the polymers that are linked together to create insoluble sugar. It is sometimes called a complex carbohydrate.
Starches
This is a type of polysaccharide that plants store energy in.
Glycogen
This is the type of polysaccharide that animals store energy in.
Cellulose
This is the chief component of a plant cell wall; it is a polysaccharide.
Chitin
This is a modified form of cellulose that is found in insects and fungi.
Fiber
Fiber is an indigestible plant material that provides health benefits such as preventing constipation, and it lowers cholesterol
Fats
Fats are non-polar, insoluble molecules that work well for storage of energy in animals.
Glycerol
This is a three-carbon molecule when each carbon is bearing a hydroxyl. The tree carbons make up the backbone of the fat molecule
Fatty Acids
These are long hydrocarbon chains.
Triglyceride
This is the resulting fat molecule from the three fatty acids.
Saturated
This is fatty acid that carries as many hydrogen atoms as possible.
Unsaturated
This is a fat that is composed of fatty acids with double bonds that replace some of the hydrogen atoms.
Monounsaturated
This is a fat that has one double bond.
Polyunsaturated
This is a fat that has more than one double bond.
Phospholipids
These are similar to fats and oils, except that one of the fatty acid chains in replaced by a phosphate group that is attached to an alcohol molecule.
Steroids
These are lipids that are composed of four carbon rings.
Proteins
These are the third major group of macromolecules; they makeup the bodies of organisms.
Enzymes
These are proteins that are capable of speeding up certain chemical reactions.
Peptides
These are short proteins that are used as chemical messengers throughout your brain and body.
Polypeptides
This is a chain of amino acids that are linked together by peptide bonds.
Primary Structures
The sequence of amino acids that make up a particular polypeptide chain is termed as the primary structure of a protein.
Secondary Structure
This is the foiled or folded shape that the polypeptide chain fold into spontaneously.
Tertiary Structure
This is when the proteins result in more complex shapes than the secondary structure.
Quaternary Structure
This is the way that the subunits that are needed to make a whole protein are assembled.
Nucleic Acids
These are the macromolecules that organisms store information about the structure of their proteins.
Nucleotides
These are the subunits that make up a chain of nucleic acid.