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92 Cards in this Set

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What process occurs in the mitochondria?
cellular respiration
What organelle serves as the powerhouse of the cell?
mitochondria
What are prokaryotic cells?
Bacteria and they lack a nucleus or membrane
Where is DNA found in side the prokaryotic cell?
nucleoid region
What organells is found in animal cells, but not plant cells?
Centriole
What are eukoryotes?
All cells that are not prokarotic and they have a cell membrane
What two things make up all cell membranes?
Proteins and phosphdipids
______ are small structures in the cytoplasm that perfomr specific functions.
organelles
Proteins in the cell are made by what kind of endoplasmic reticulum?
smooth
Golgi receive and modify ______ made by the endoplasmic reticulum.
proteins
Cells may have up to how many nucleoli?
3
What is the smalles basic unit of life?
cell
What isneeded to see most cells?
microscope
______ are made up of one cell.
one celled organisms
Proteins to be exported are made by what type of endoplasmic reticulum?
rough
______ are composed of more than one cell.
multicellular
Describe the structure of the Golgi Bodies
Stacks of flattened socks
What do cell walls resists the loss of?
water
What takes up most of the space in a plant cell?
vacuole
Where does most of the activities in the cell take place?
cytoplasm
What two structures surround prokaryotic cells?
Cell membrane and cell wall
Give an example of a prokarotic
bacteria
What are 3 different kinds of plant cells?
Epidermal
Roather
Gword
Name 6 types of animal cells
1. white blood cells
2. Red blood cells
3. Check
4. Nerve walls
5. muscle cells
6. ameoba & perimecium
6.
What are eukaryotes?
Organisms made up of one or more cells that have anucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
What are prokaryotes?
Organisms made up of one or more cells that have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
What organells, not surrounded by a membrane, is found in prokaryotes & eukarotes
Ribosomes
Name three basic cell structures in eukaryotes.
1. nucleus
2. cell membrane
3. Cytoplasm with organells
What are small structurs in the cytoplasm that perform specific functions?
organelles
What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum?
Canals for movement
What is the function of golgi bodies?
Wrap and export proteins
What is the function of the nucleolus?
Makes ribosomes
What is the function of lysosomes?
Digest and gets rid of waste (garbage factor)
What is the function of ribosomes?
Makes proteins
What structures pinch off the ends of the "shipping" side of the Golgi to carry cell products to their destination?
transport vesicles
What do lysosomes contain that break down food and worn out cell parts?
digestive enzymes
What do digestive enzymes in the lysosomes do?
break down food and worn out cell parts
Explain how lysosomes are programmed for cell death?
They release enzymes to break down proteins.
Where is the nucleolus located?
Inside the nucleus
What do nucleoli make ________ that make proteins for the cells.
ribosomes
What makes ribosomes?
nucleoli
Nucleoli make ______ that make _____ proteins for the cell?
ribosomes, proteins
How does smooth ER differ from rough ER
Smooth lack ribosomes and makes proteing used in the cell.
Rough has ribosomes on its surface and makes proteins to export.
What organelle serves as the pwer house of the cell?
mitochondria
What process takes place in the mitochodria?
site or cellular respiration
Which type of cells would have more mitochondria and why?
Active,they have more food and need more energy
Sugar like glucose are burned in the ___________.
mitochondria
Cellular energy is know as _________.
ATP
_______ like glucose are burned in the mitochondria to release ___________ known as ATP.
Sugars, cellular energy
What surrounds the cell membrane and gives it extra support?
cell wall
Cell membranes only allow certain materials into and out of the cell so they are said to be ________ _______.
Selectively permiable (gatekeeper)
The _____ ______ is a living layer around cells.
Cell membrane
The _____ _____ around a plant cell is nonliving.
cell wall
Is the cell membrane around a cell living or nonliving?
living
Is the cell wall around plants living or nonliving?
nonliving
Jelly-like material inside the cell membrane is called ________.
cytoplasm
Where do most activities of th ecell take place?
cytoplasm
Organelles are found inside the cell' ________.
cytoplasm
What controls the activities of the cell?
nucleus
Where is the DNA on chromosomes found?
nucleus
Which type of cells would have more mitochondria and why?
Active,they have more food and need more energy
Sugar like glucose are burned in the ___________.
mitochondria
Cellular energy is know as _________.
ATP
_______ like glucose are burned in the mitochondria to release ___________ known as ATP.
Sugars, cellular energy
What surrounds the cell membrane and gives it extra support?
cell wall
Cell membranes only allow certain materials into and out of the cell so they are said to be ________ _______.
Selectively permiable (gatekeeper)
The _____ ______ is a living layer around cells.
Cell membrane
The _____ _____ around a plant cell is nonliving.
cell wall
Is the cell membrane around a cell living or nonliving?
living
Is the cell wall around plants living or nonliving?
nonliving
Jelly-like material inside the cell membrane is called ________.
cytoplasm
Where do most activities of th ecell take place?
cytoplasm
Organelles are found inside the cell' ________.
cytoplasm
What controls the activities of the cell?
nucleus
Where is the DNA on chromosomes found?
nucleus
What surrounds the nucleus?
nucleus membrane
Chromosomes inside the nucleus contain ________ that control the cell's characteristics.
genes
Where are genes located in the cell?
chromosomes inside the nucleus
What are plant cell walls made of?
cellulose fibers
Plant cell walls are made of cellulose and are freely _________.
permiable
What is the function of cell walls?
Resist the loss of water and giv protection and support to the cell.
What is the membrane called that surrounds the central vacuole in the lants?
???
Cell ______ is found inside the central vacuole and may contain sugars, proteins, minerals, wastes, and pigments.
sap
Cell sap inside the central vacuole contain ____, ____ ____ _____ _____.
sugars, proteins, minerals, wastes, pigments
Give 3 examples of differnt kinds of plant cells.
1. epidermal cells
2. ?
3. ?
Name 2 structures found in plant, but NOT animal cells
1. Chloroplast
2. Cell Wall
Animal cells store their carbohydrate energy as _____ in their cytoplasm
?glycogen
What paired organelled involved in cell division is found in animal but not plant cells?
centriole
List 3 similarities between plant and animal cells.
1. both have cell membrane
2. both have a nucleus
3. both contain mitochondria
How do plant and animal cells compare in size/
Plant cells are larger than animal cells
How do plant and animal cells compare in shape to each other?
Animal cells are irregular and plant cells are regular
Do plant cells have walls?
No