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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
male organ that delivers sperm cells during intercourse
penis
male organs that produce sperm cells and the hormone testosterone
testes
chemical messengers of the endocrine system
hormones
where endocrine cells are located
endocrine glands
region of the brain that controls blood pressure, body temperature, and emotions
hypothalamus
when the rate of a current process is controlled by the outcome of its previous cycle
feedback control
disorder in which the body is unable to control blood sugar levels
diabetes mellitus
large gametes
eggs
smaller gametes
sperm
organ with strong, muscular walls in which a fetus developes into an individual capable of surviving outside the mother's body
uterus
female organ that releases eggs and produces the hormones estrogen and progestorone
ovary
hormone that stimulates the liver and muscles to convert stored glycogen into glucose, raising the amount of glucose in the blood
glucogon
changes that take place in the ovary
ovarian cycle
mature egg
ovum
changes that prepare the lining of the uterus to recieve a fertilized egg
menstrual cycle
release of a mature egg from the ovary
ovulation
process in which the disintegrating endometrical tissue and the unfertilized ovum leave the body
menstruation
process a week after fertilization where the blastocyst embeds instelf in the uterine wall
implantation
organ through which nutrients, oxygen, and wastes are exchanged between the mother and the developing embryo
placenta
what the developing embryo is called from the ninth week until birth
fetus
human life stage in which the sexual organs mature and secondary sexual characteristics develop
puberty
hormone that stimulates cells to absorb sugar from the blood and causes the liver to convert blood sugar, or glucose, to glycogen
insulin
releases hormones that control several other endocrine glands
petuitary gland