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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
process of injecting a person with a hormless -weakened or dead- form of a virus
vaccination
kinds of bacteria containing smaller peices of circular DNA
plasmids
group of monerans that are often found living in harsh environments
archaebacteria
monerans and other organisms that break down dead organic materials
decomposers
viral replication process that rapidly kills a host cell
lytic cycle
protein molecule that can cause diseases in animals
prion
dehydrated cells formed from monerans
endospores
single strand of pure RNA
viroid
process in which the chromosome of a unicellular organism is continually replicated, after which the cell divides forming two identical cells
binary fission
infectious agent made up of a core of nucleic acid and a protein coat
virus
process of exchanging genetic material through cell to cell contact
conjugation
virus that contains an RNA core that replicates by first transcribing its RNA into DNA
retrovirus
aditional protective coating usually made up of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates
envelope
true bacteria
eubacteria
organisms that use oxygen during respiration
aerobes
protein coat around the core of nucleic acid
capsid
relationship involving direct contact between two organisms in which at least one of the partners benefits
symbiosis
type of replication in which a virus does not immediately kill a host cell
lysogenic cycle
organism that shelters and nourishes something
host
organisms that do not use oxygen during respiration
anaerobes