Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/36

Click to flip

36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
virus
an infectious agent made up of a core of nuclaic acid & a protien coat
capsid
protien coat around the core of nucleic acid
envelope
an additional protective coating usually made of lipids, protiens, and carbohydrates
host
an organism that shelters and nourishes something
lytic cycle
a viral replication process that kill the host cell immediately
lysogenic cycle
a type of replication in which a virus doesn't immediately kill a host cell
prophage
a viral DNA segment that is inserted in a bacterial cell's chromosome
retrovirus
a virus that contains an RNA core that replicates by first transcribing its RNA into DNA
viroid
a single strand of RNA cause disease in plants
prion
protein molecules cause disease in animals
vaccination
the process of injecting a person with harmless form of a virus
plasmids
some kinds of bacteria also contain smaller pieces of circular DNA
endospores
when living conditions become unfavorable, some monerans can form dehydrated cells
binary fission
a process in which the chromosome of a unicellular organism is continually replicated after which the cell divides
conjugation
the process of exchanging genetic material through cell-to-cell contact
virus
an infectious agent made up of a core of nuclaic acid & a protien coat
capsid
protien coat around the core of nucleic acid
envelope
an additional protective coating usually made of lipids, protiens, and carbohydrates
host
an organism that shelters and nourishes something
lytic cycle
a viral replication process that kill the host cell immediately
lysogenic cycle
a type of replication in which a virus doesn't immediately kill a host cell
prophage
a viral DNA segment that is inserted in a bacterial cell's chromosome
retrovirus
a virus that contains an RNA core that replicates by first transcribing its RNA into DNA
viroid
a single strand of RNA cause disease in plants
prion
protein molecules cause disease in animals
vaccination
the process of injecting a person with harmless form of a virus
plasmids
some kinds of bacteria also contain smaller pieces of circular DNA
endospores
when living conditions become unfavorable, some monerans can form dehydrated cells
binary fission
a process in which the chromosome of a unicellular organism is continually replicated after which the cell divides
conjugation
the process of exchanging genetic material through cell-to-cell contact
archaebacteria
agroup of monerans that are often found living in harsh environments
eubacteria
the so-called true bacteria
aerobes
organisms that use oxygen during respiration
anaerobes
organisms that do not use oxygen during respiration
decomposers
organisms that break down dead organic materials
symbiosis
a relationship involving direct contact between 2 organisms in which at least one of the partners benifits