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23 Cards in this Set

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system of identifying organisms by their genus and species names; the two-word naming scheme developed by Linnaeus
binomial nomenclature
subdivision of an era on the geological time scale
periods
level below order in the classification system
family
field of biology that identifies and classifies organisms
taxonomy
major taxonomic group in the plant kingdom and fungi kingdom; equivalent to phylum in other kingdoms
division
branching structure taxonomist use to compare relationships between taxa
phylogenetic tree
five kingdoms?
monera, protiest, fungi, plantge, animalia
how old is the earth?
about 4.5 billion years old
tool used for identifying organisms
dichotomous key
classification system _______?
king phillip came over from geneva switzerland
what is used to tell the age of fossils
carbon 14
subdivision of a period on the geological time scale
epochs
movement of the earths crystal plates over its molten core
plate techtonics
level below kingdom in the classification system
phylum
group within a phylum in the classification system
classes
broadest, most general group into which all organisms are divided
kingdom
level below family in the classification system; a group of closely related species
genus
division of classes in the classification system
orders
fossilized remains of layered mats of prokaryotic cells and sediment
stromatolites
protein and water bubles that look and behave somewhat like cell membranes
microspheres
time it takes for half of the atoms in a sample to undergo radioactive decay
half-life
hypothesis that the ancestors of mitochondria and chloroplasts were independent aerobic prokaryotes that were engulfed by larger cells
endosymbiosis
largest division of time on the geological time scale
eras