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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
homeostasis
meaning of human life
anatomy
the study of structure
phisiology
the study of function
dissection
carefully cutting and serperating of tissue to reveal their relationships
cadavar
dissecting of a dead human body
compatative anatomy
the study of more thatone species in order to learn gerneralization and evolutionary traits
palpation
feeling structure with fingertips
auscultation
is listening to the natural sounds made by the body
percussion
tapping on the body and listens to the sound for signs of abnormalities
gross anatomy
structures that can be seen with the naked eye
histology
the microscopic structure of tissue and organs
microscopic anatomy
the microscopic structure of tissue and organs
histopathology
is the microscopic examination of tissue for signs of disease
ultrustructure
fine detail down to the moleculat lever, revealed by the electron microscope
comparative physiology
the study of how different species have solved problems of life such as water balace, repiration, and reporduction.
hippocrates
father of medicine
asristotle
argues that the complex structures are built from smaller variety of sumple components
galen
made the first noteworthy medical book of his time
avicemann
galen of islam
vasalius
said galen was wrong and wrote new book
harvey
said that blood must be recycled
leeuwenhoek
first to invent a microscope capable of visualizing single cells
hooke
fist to invent the first compound microscope
zeiss and abbe
improved the micropscope
schwann and schleden
said that all organisms are made of cells
cell theory
first part: all organism are composed of cells
becon and descarted
wanted science to become public, cooperative enterprise, supported by government and conducted by a communtiy of scholors
scientific methods
refers less to observational procedures that to certain habits of disciplin creativity, careful observation, logical thinking, and honest analyis of one's observation and conclusion
iductive methos
process of making numerouse observations until confident to draw generalizations and predictions
hypothesis
educated speculation or possible answer to your question
sample size
number of subjects used
controls
comparison between treated and untreated individuals
controlled group
non treated sujects
treated group
treated sunjects
phschosomatic effect
effect of the subjects state of mind on his or her physiology
expirimenter bias
expiramenter that wants a certain results so much that it becomes biased
doubleblind methos
recorder of data can never be the subjects
statistical tests
not random always 95% sure
peer review
a critical evaluation by other experts in the field
facts
information that can be independently verified by a trainded person
law
result of inductive reasoning based on repeated, confirmed observation
law of nature
gerneralization about the predictable ways in which matter and enerygy behave
theory
explainitory statement, or set of statements, derived from facts, laws, and confirmed hypothesis
natural selection
explaination of how species originate and change through time
charles darwin
natural selection
evolution
chang in genetic composition of a population of organism
selection pressures
natural force that promotes the reporductive success of some individuals more than other.
adaptaion
are features of an organism anatomy, physiology, and behavior that have evolved in repoonse to these selceted pressured and enable organisms to cope with challenged in the environment
aboreal
treetop
opposable
they could cross the palms to touch the finger tips
prehensile
able to grasp branches
sterioscopic vision
depth perception
bipedalism
standing or walking on two legs
organism
single, complete individual
organ system
group of organs with collective functions
organ
structure composed of two or more tussed working together to carry o function
tissue
mass of cells that forms an organ
cells
the smallest unit of organism that carry out the basic function of life
cytology
study of organells
organells
microscopin structure in a cell that carrys out a function
atom
the smalleds particles with unique chemical identities
reductionism
study of the bodys simpler components
holism
complimentry theory that there are emegent properties of the from whole organism tht cannot be predicted from the properties of its seperate parts
metabolism
sum of all this inernal chemical change
anabolism
scomplex molecules are synthesised from simpler ones
catobolism
complex molecules are broken down into simpler ones