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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
organic chemistry
the study of carbon coumpounds (organic compounds)
organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structures and hence different properties
structural isomers
variation in covalent partners
geometric isomers
variation in arrangement about a double bond
molecules that are mirror images of each other
functional group
a specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbon skeletons of organic molecules and usually involved in chemical reactions
hydroxyl group
a functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an oxygen atom by a polar covalent bond. molecules possessing this group are soluble in water and are called alcolhols
organic compounds containing hydroxyl groups
carbonyl group
a functional group present in aldehydes and ketones, consisting of a carbon atom double-bonded to and oxygen atom
an organic molecule with a carbonyl group located at the end of the carbon skeleton
amino group
a functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to two nitrogen atoms; can act as a base in solution, accepting a hydrogen ion and acquiring a charge of +1
organic compounds with amino group as their functional group
sulfhydryl group
an organic functional group which consists of a sulfur atom bonded to an atom of hydrogen
organic compounds containing sulfhydryls
phosphate group
a functional group important in energy transfer