Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/16

Click to flip

16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
organic chemistry
the study of carbon coumpounds (organic compounds)
hydrocarbons
organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen
isomers
compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structures and hence different properties
structural isomers
variation in covalent partners
geometric isomers
variation in arrangement about a double bond
enantiomers
molecules that are mirror images of each other
functional group
a specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbon skeletons of organic molecules and usually involved in chemical reactions
hydroxyl group
a functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an oxygen atom by a polar covalent bond. molecules possessing this group are soluble in water and are called alcolhols
alcohol
organic compounds containing hydroxyl groups
carbonyl group
a functional group present in aldehydes and ketones, consisting of a carbon atom double-bonded to and oxygen atom
aldehyde
an organic molecule with a carbonyl group located at the end of the carbon skeleton
amino group
a functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to two nitrogen atoms; can act as a base in solution, accepting a hydrogen ion and acquiring a charge of +1
amines
organic compounds with amino group as their functional group
sulfhydryl group
an organic functional group which consists of a sulfur atom bonded to an atom of hydrogen
thiols
organic compounds containing sulfhydryls
phosphate group
a functional group important in energy transfer