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17 Cards in this Set

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Double Membrane Nucleus
-more surface area
-less volume
-more efficient
-nutrients to a spot faster
-contains its own DNA
=replicate itself
=exact copies in cell
Golgi Apparatus
-flattened tubular membranes
-body, complex
-assist ER (helper, distribute, moves stuff)
-process, package, and secrete
Lysosomes
-organelles that contain digestive (hydrolitic) enzymes
-small spherical sacs
-rare in plant cells
-"digesters" cleaning up the cell
Cytoskeleton
-microfilaments and microtubules
-structure and support of the cell
-made up of strands of protein
Microfilaments
actin
Microtubules
call division
Spindle Fibers
-move chromosomes
-split info apart
What is common about all organelles except: cell wall, vacuoles, plastids, and chloroplasts?
they all can be found in plant AND animal cells
What organelles cannot be found in animal cells?
cell wall, vacuoles, plastids, and chloroplasts
What organelle can be found only in animal cells?
centricoles
Cytoplasm
space in organism where organelles sit
Cytosol
fluid in space
Cilia and Flagella
-hairlike organelles that extend from the surface of the cell
-short and sticky or whip like
Centricoles
-cyndrilical structures
-aid in cell division
-appear when cell division starts
-help form spindle fibers
Cell Wall
-lies outside of the membrane
-thick inner, thin outer layers
-support and protect the cell
-cellulose
Cellulose
polysaccharide carbohydrate
What are the 2 layers of the cell wall?
primary and secondary