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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nucleus
-controlls cell
-contains DNA that make protein
-each gene tells protein to make
Chromatin
-no organization
-jumbled
-not dividing
-relaxed
Chromosomes
-cell division
Nucleolus
-makes ribosomes
what does RNA+ribosome=
protein
Nuclear envelope
-double membrane
-
Nuclear Pores
-ribosomes lave through tiny holes
-when RNA leaves, DNA leaves
Double Helix
-DNA is to big to leave the nucleus
Ribosomes
-most abundant organelle in cell
-site of protein synthesis
-no membrane
ER (endo plasmic reticulum)
-make proteins
-ship to different part of cell
-smooth and rough
-folded series of membranes, tubes, and sacs
- "molecule highway"
Smooth ER
-lacks ribosomes
-breaks down carbs
-synthesizes lipids
-acts as a detox center
Rough ER
-ribosomes attached
-transport proteins out of cell
-other ribosomes stay in cell to make proteins
Mitochondria
-organic compounds--> ATP
-site of cellular respiration
-large organelle
Cristae
-folds of inner membrane
-reactions take place
Matrix
-fluid inside
-location in center (mitochondria)