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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Selective Breeding
The intentional mating of two animals in an attempt to produce offspring with desirable characteristics or for the elimination of a trait
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best traits of both organisms
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics to maintain the desired characteristics of a line of organsisms
Genetic Engineering/Biotech
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
Recombinant DNA
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
Gel Electrophoresis
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placing a mixture of DNA fragments at one end of a porous gel and applying an electrical voltage to the gel
Polymerase Chain Reaction(PCR)
Technique that allows molecular biologists to make many copies of a particular gene
Human Genome Project
An international research project to map each human gene and to completely sequence human DNA
Containing genes from another species
DNA Fingerprinting
A process which uses fragments of DNA to identify the unique genetic makeup of an individual
Restriction Enzyme
Enzyme capable of cutting DNA at a specific nucleotide sequence
Genetically Modified (GM)
All human-designed changes in a plant or animal,done through genetic engineering
A group of genetically identical cells or organisms descended from a common ancestor
Genetic Variation
Genetic diversity in a population; natural differences between living things
Restriction Site
The place on a DNA molecule where a restriction enzyme cuts the DNA
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene or genes from another strain of bactera
Small circular piece of DNA
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls containing peptidoglycan
DNA extraction
The process of removing DNA from cells
Gene therapy
The altering of genes in order to affect their function