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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
this is the thin membrane that separates the abdominal organs from the heart and lungs. it is stretched across entire body, attached just under bottom of the rib cage
place where your vocal cords are located, allowing you to speak
two tubes that carry air into the two lungs
tube that is constructed like a vacuum cleaner hose. carries air down through the throat
pumps blood through the body
tube that carries bolus of food to stomach
churns food, adds acid, absorbs water, medicines, alcohol
small intestine
completes digestion of food by neutralizing stomach acid and absorbing food into the circulation
large intestine
absorbs water and vitamins
makes bile to break up fat, stores glucose, destroys red blood corpuscles, destroys toxic chemicals
produces insulin and digestive enzymes
chews food, produces saliva, arranges food into bolus
flap that covers the trachea
order of respitory system
nose, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, trachea, bronchi, alucoli
opening through which wastes leave the digestive tract
organ that removes urea, excess water, and other waste products from the blood and passes them to the ureter
external male reproductive organ that connects the urethra to the outside of the body
external sac containing the testes
tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
tube through which urine and semen are relased from the body
urinary bladder
saclike organ in which urine is stored before being excreted
canal in the human female that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body
carotid artery
main artery in the neck that supplies blood to the brain
superior vena cava
large vein that brings oxygen-poor blood from the upper part of the body to the right atrium
pulmonary veins
bring oxygen-rich blood from each of the lungs to the left atrium
inferior vena cava
vein that brings oxygen-poor blood from the lower part of the body to the right atrium
dorsal aorta
brings oxygen-rich blood from the left ventricle to the body
pulmonary arteries
bring oxygen-poor blood to the lungs
left atrium
upper chamber of the heart which recieves the blood from the body
right atrium
upper chamber of the heart which recieves the blood from the lungs
left ventricle
lower chamber of the heart which pumps blood to the body
right ventricle
lower chamber of the heart which pumps blood to the lungs
female reproductive gland that produces eggs
male reproductive gland that produces sperm
femoral artery
large artery in the leg which supplies the leg with blood
femoral vein
large vein in the leg which pumps blood from the leg to the heart
gall bladder
a muscular sac under the liver that stores bile secreted by the liver until the body needs it for digestion
hard palate
bony plate of the skull in the top of the mouth which separates nasal passages and the mouth
jugular veins
veins in the neck that carry blood from the head to the heart
two organs in the chest that supply the body with oxygen and remove carbon dioxide from the body
channels of the nose/openings of the respitory system which air flows through to the trachea
renal artery
supplies the kidney and ureter with blood
renal vein
veins that return blood from kidneys to vena cava/heart
soft palate
soft tissue in the back of the roof of the mouth that closes off nasal passages during swallowing and separates oral cavity from the nose
muscle on the floor of the mouth that manipulates food for chewing and swallowing and assists in speech
umbilical artery
carries deoxygenated blood from the fetus to the placenta in the umbilical cord
umbilical vein
carries oxygenated blood from the placenta to the fetus in the umbilical cord
urogenital opening
opening that waste products and reproductive fluids come out
urogenital papilla
covers the urogenital opening in female pigs
urogenital sinus
part of the body while an embryo. formed after cloaca separates from rectum and eventually becomes several things including bladder
uterine horn
tube that connects to the uterus
order of digestive system
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine (pancreas, liver, gall bladder), large intestine, rectum/anus
order of excretory system
renal arteries bring waste-laden blood to kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra/urogenital opening
order of circulatory system
heart, arteries carry away, veins carry to, left to body, right to lungs. from vena cavas deoxygenated blood goes to right atrium, goes into right ventricle, goes into pulmonary to lungs, oxygenated blood returns to left atrium via pulmonary, goes into left ventricle, blood goes into aorta and to body
order of female reproductive system
ovary, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina
order of male reproductive system
epididymis, vas deferens, urethra, penis