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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
allowing animals with only desired characterists to produce the next generation; humans use this to pass desired traits onto the next generation of organisms
selective breeding
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of both organisms
hybridization
the continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
inbreeding
cells that have double or triple the normal amoun of chromosomes
polyploid
making changes in the DNA code of a living organism
genetic engineering
what is used to cut DNA into fragments at a specific sequence of nucleotides
restriction enzyme
when a mixture of DNA fragments is placed at one end of a porous gel, and an electric voltage is applied to the gel. When the power is turned on DNA molecules which are negatively charged move toward the position end of the gel. This is used to compare the genomes of different organisms or different individuals.
gel electrophoresis
DNA produced my combining DNA from different sources,
recombinant DNA
copying a particular gene
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
a small curcular DNA molecule, they have two essential features: it has a DNA sequence that serves as a bacterial orgin of replication, and it has a genetic marker
plasmid
a gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria carry plasmid from those that don't
genetic marker
contains genes from other organisms
transgenic
a member of a population of genetically identical cells produced from a single cell
clone
allowing animals with only desired characterists to produce the next generation; humans use this to pass desired traits onto the next generation of organisms
selective breeding
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of both organisms
hybridization
the continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
inbreeding
cells that have double or triple the normal amoun of chromosomes
polyploid
making changes in the DNA code of a living organism
genetic engineering
what is used to cut DNA into fragments at a specific sequence of nucleotides
restriction enzyme
when a mixture of DNA fragments is placed at one end of a porous gel, and an electric voltage is applied to the gel. When the power is turned on DNA molecules which are negatively charged move toward the position end of the gel. This is used to compare the genomes of different organisms or different individuals.
gel electrophoresis
DNA produced my combining DNA from different sources,
recombinant DNA
allowing animals with only desired characterists to produce the next generation; humans use this to pass desired traits onto the next generation of organisms
selective breeding
copying a particular gene
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of both organisms
hybridization
a small curcular DNA molecule, they have two essential features: it has a DNA sequence that serves as a bacterial orgin of replication, and it has a genetic marker
plasmid
the continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
inbreeding
a gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria carry plasmid from those that don't
genetic marker
cells that have double or triple the normal amoun of chromosomes
polyploid
making changes in the DNA code of a living organism
genetic engineering
contains genes from other organisms
transgenic
a member of a population of genetically identical cells produced from a single cell
clone
what is used to cut DNA into fragments at a specific sequence of nucleotides
restriction enzyme
when a mixture of DNA fragments is placed at one end of a porous gel, and an electric voltage is applied to the gel. When the power is turned on DNA molecules which are negatively charged move toward the position end of the gel. This is used to compare the genomes of different organisms or different individuals.
gel electrophoresis
DNA produced my combining DNA from different sources,
recombinant DNA
copying a particular gene
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
a small curcular DNA molecule, they have two essential features: it has a DNA sequence that serves as a bacterial orgin of replication, and it has a genetic marker
plasmid
a gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria carry plasmid from those that don't
genetic marker
contains genes from other organisms
transgenic
a member of a population of genetically identical cells produced from a single cell
clone