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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
autosome
a chromosome not directly involved in determining sex
binary fission
type of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspring
cancer
an illness characterized by abnormal cell growth
centromere
where 2 chromatids join
chromatid
a pair of strands of DNA used to make up a chromosome
diploid
term for indicating a cell with 2 sets of chromosomes
gamete
a sex cell
gene
code for a protein or RNA molecule in a section of a chromosome
haploid
have only one set of chromosomes
homologous chromosome
member of a chromosome pair; both are equally similar
karyotype
chromosomes in an individual's cells arranged in order of size and shape
zygote
fertilized egg cell
somatic cell
any cell that is not a sex cell