Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/76

Click to flip

76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
scientist who accidently discovered penicillin
ALexander Fleming
THe smallest and most specific taxon
species
hwlpful way in which bacteria converts nitrogen gas into ammonia
nitrogen fixation
substance which destroys bacteria or inhibits them from reproducing
antibiotic
system of naming organisms using the genus and the species name
binomial nomencalture
describes bacteria that are ready to receive external dna
competent
person who grouped organisms based on the physical characteristics
Carolus linneaus
group of bacteria that love in extreme environments
archeabacteria
extension of the plasma membrane that helps bacteria stick to surfaces
pilus
the largest group of bacteria
eubacteria
largest of all taxa
domain
group of bacteria that produce methane as a biproduct of respiration
methanogens
the taxa that has plants, animals, protists, fungi, archaebacteria and eubacteria
kingdom
reproduction in which it splits in two
binary fisson
some bacteria have this external covering over the call wall
capsule
theis taxa is used as the 1st name of an organisms scientific name.
genus
the branch of biology that deals with the organization of organisms
taxonomy
bacteria that can both be photosythesizers or herterotrophs
photoheterotrophs
sexual reproduction in bacteria
conjugation
organisms that obtain energy directly from inorganic molecules
chemoautotrophs
organisms that obtain enery directly from the sun
photoautotrophs
type of cell that contains no membrane bound stuctures
prokaryote
group of photosynthetic bacteria
cyanobacteria
name designating a group of organisms
taxon (taxa)
strepto
chain
diplo
2
staphlyo
cluster
coccus
sphere
spirillus
sprial
bacillus
rod
besides shape and arrangement how else r bacteria identified?
gram staining
what is gramstaining
when you stain to identfy cell wallls with violet and red
what are obliagte aerobes
organisms that need oxygen
obliagte anaerobes?
can't have oxygen
facultative anaerobes
can do with either
antibiotic resistence
immune to antibiotics
virus that infects bacteria
bacterioprophage
viral dna is called this when it has incorportaed into the host cell's dna
prophage
virus which contains rna as it's genetic material
retrovirus
person who created the veryfirst vaccine
jonas salk
small particles on the edge of living and not living that infect cells
virus
the outercoat of a virus
capsid
a substance that contains dead or weakend virus' that provides immunity
vaccine
protein material that can cause disease
prion
viral cycle where the host make copies of a virus indefinitly
lysogenic cycle
lyses??
bursts, destroyes cells
besides shape and arrangement how else r bacteria identified?
gram staining
what is gramstaining
when you stain to identfy cell wallls with violet and red
what are obliagte aerobes
organisms that need oxygen
obliagte anaerobes?
can't have oxygen
facultative anaerobes
can do with either
antibiotic resistence
immune to antibiotics
virus that infects bacteria
bacterioprophage
viral dna is called this when it has incorportaed into the host cell's dna
prophage
virus which contains rna as it's genetic material
retrovirus
person who created the veryfirst vaccine
jonas salk
small particles on the edge of living and not living that infect cells
virus
the outercoat of a virus
capsid
a substance that contains dead or weakend virus' that provides immunity
vaccine
protein material that can cause disease
prion
viral cycle where the host make copies of a virus indefinitly
lysogenic cycle
besides shape and arrangement how else r bacteria identified?
gram staining
what is gramstaining
when you stain to identfy cell wallls with violet and red
what are obliagte aerobes
organisms that need oxygen
obliagte anaerobes?
can't have oxygen
facultative anaerobes
can do with either
antibiotic resistence
immune to antibiotics
virus that infects bacteria
bacterioprophage
viral dna is called this when it has incorportaed into the host cell's dna
prophage
virus which contains rna as it's genetic material
retrovirus
person who created the veryfirst vaccine
jonas salk
small particles on the edge of living and not living that infect cells
virus
the outercoat of a virus
capsid
a substance that contains dead or weakend virus' that provides immunity
vaccine
protein material that can cause disease
prion
viral cycle where the host make copies of a virus indefinitly
lysogenic cycle