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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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for first 3 ______ years, all cells were _________.
billion...prokaryotic
then 1.5 _______ years ago, the first ___________ cells arrived
billion...eukaryotic
A(n) _______ is a tiny little organ that does a specific job
organelle
examples: golgi, ribosomes, etc.
The _____ is a "protein factory"
cell
______ membrane divides what is inside and ouside
Plasma
_____-cellular - outside the cell
Extra
ET, minus terrestrial.
_____-cellular - inside the cell
Intra
Cell membrane is made up of 3 things:
carbohydrates, phospholipids, and proteins
all organic compounds
O== ==O What is this? What
O== ==O are the secondary
O== ==O parts called?
O== ==O
Phospholipid...Bilayers
Cell membrane is _________ _________, only lets some things thru
selectively premeable
When you enter a cell, you go thru __________, watery material located between membrane and nucleus.
cytoplasm
________ are almost invisible fibers that makes cell shape.
Cytoskeleton
"Bones" - do your bones make up?
Cytoskeleton has two fibers: ________ and ____________
microtubules...microfilaments
Microtubules give shape to cell, sometimes sick out (a little bit) of cell membrane, they are called ______. Sometimes there is a very long tail sticking out, this is a called _________. They are all responsible for movin stuff inside cell, called _______.
cilia...flagellum...cyclosis
Surrounding nucleus is called ________ ______________. Tiny holes called _____ _______. Whatever passes thru has to go thru the ___________.
nuclear membrane...nuclear pores...nuceloplasm
aka nuclear envelope...you have them on your face...similar to cytoplasm
Found in nuceloplasm:
_______: a "forest" of DNA, endless supply.
_________: responsible for making ribosomes ---> ribosome synthesis.
chromotin...nucleolus
________ are "workers", there can be thousands in one cell. __________ are responsible for protein synthesis.
Ribosomes...Ribosomes
The first answer is the same as the second.
_________ look like a snowmen up close Oo. They take amino acids and put them together.
Ribosomes
Ribosomes work alon the assembly line. The assembly line is __________ ___________.
endoplasmic reticulum
When there are workers on it, it is called the _______ ER. When there are not workers on it, it is called the ________ ER.
rough...smooth
The two answers are opposites.
The smooth ER is responsible for _______ synthesis.
lipid
_______ - packaging plant, assembles proteins.
Golgi
__________ - responsible for breaking down germs. Contatin enzymes.
Lysosomes
"the clean up crew", think of Lycol
___________ - creates energy for ribosomes (workers).
Mitochondria
"power plant"
_________ stores wastes, food, water in cell.
Vacuoles
"storage"