Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/61

Click to flip

61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
WHAT DOES THE CELL MEMBRANE DO(IN BOTH AN ANIMAL CELL AND A PLANT CELL)?
THE CELL MEMBRANE CONTROLS WHAT ENTERS AND LEAVES THE CELL
WHAT DOES THE NUCLEUS DO (IN BOTH AN ANIMAL CELL AND A PLANT CELL)?
THE NUCLEUS CONTROLS THE CELL-CONTAINS THE GENETIC MATERIAL
WHAT DOES THE CYTOPLASM DO (IN BOTH THE PLANT CELL AND THE ANIMAL CELL)
THE CYTOPLASM IS WHERE THE CHEMICAL REACTIONS THAT KEEP THE CELL ALIVE TAKE PLACE
WHAT DO THE CHLOROPLASTS DO IN THE PLANT CELL?
THEY CONTAIN A GREEN SUBSTANCE CALLED CHLOROPHYLL WHICH TRAPS LIGHT FOR PHOTOSYNTHESIS (A PROCESS IN WHICH PLANTS MAKE FOOD)
WHAT DOES THE VACUOLE CONTAIN IN THE PLANT CELL?
IT CONTAINS A LIQUID CALLED CELL SAP
WHAT DOES THE CELL WALL DO IN THE PLANT CELL?
IT IS STRONG, MADE OF CELLULOSE, SUPPORTS THE CELL
WHAT IS THE STAIN CALLED WHICH HELPS TO SEE THE NUCLUES IN A CELL?
IODINE SOLUTION
TRUE OR FALSE : ANIMAL AND PLANT CELLS ARE ALIKE?
TRUE
WHAT ARE THE 3 THINGS ANIMAL AND PLANT CELLS HAVE IN COMMON?
1. THEY BOTH HAVE NUCLEUS'
2. THEY BOTH HAVE A CELL MEMBRANE
3. THEY BOTH HAVE CYTOPLASM
WHAT DOES THE SKELETAL SYSTEM DO?
IT GIVES SUPPORT AND SHAPE TO THE BODY, IT ALLOWS MOVEMENT AND PROTECTS SOME ORGANS. THE SKULL PROTECTS THE BRAIN. THE RIBCAGE PROTECTS THE LUNGS AND THE HEART
WHAT DOES THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM DO?
IT PRODUCES SEX CELLS AND THE FEMALE PROTECTS AND NOURISHES THE DEVELOPING EMBRYO. THE OVARIES PRODUCE EGGS THE TESTES PRODUCE SPERM
WHAT DOES THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM DO?
THIS TRANSPORTS SUBSTANCES AROUND THE BODY IN THE BLOOD STREAM. THE HEART PUMPS BLOOD AROUND THE BODY
WHAT DOES THE NERVOUS SYSTEM DO?
THIS CONTROLS AND CO-ORDINATES ALL THE PARTS OF THE BODY, SO ALL THE SYSTEMS WORK TOGETHER, DOING THEIR JOBS AT THE RIGHT TIME. THE BRAIN RECEIVES BRAIN IMPULSES (MESSAGES)
WHAT DOES THE BREATHING SYSTEM DO?
IT ALLOWS US TO BREATHE IN AIR CONTAINING OXYGEN FOR RESPIRATION AND TO BREATHE OUT AIR CONTAINING CARBON DIOXIDE. THE LUNGS ALLOW GASES TO PASS BETWEEN THE AIR AND THE BLOOD
WHAT DOES THE DIGESTIVE SYSEM DO?
THIS HELPS TO BREAK DOWN FOOD SO THAT IT CAN BE ABSORBED INTO THE BLOOD. THE INTESTINES ARE WHERE MOST DIGESTION TAKES PLACE
WHAT DOES THE EXCRETORY SYSTEM DO?
THIS KEEPS THE BLOOD CONCENTRATION STEADY AND REMOVES WASTE PRODUCTS FROM THE INTESTINES. THE KIDNEYS FILTER THE BLOOD. THE BLADDER STORES URINE UNTIL YOU GO TO THE TOILET
NAME ALL 7 BODY SYSTEMS
1. SKELETAL SYSTEM
2. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
3. CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
4. NERVOUS SYSTEM
5. BREATHING SYSTEM
6. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
7. EXCRETORY SYSTEM
NAME 5 THINGS IN THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
RIBS
BONE
LIGAMENT
MUSCLE
CARTILAGE
NAME 7 THINGS IN THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
PANCREAS
STOMACH
INTESTINES
OESOPHAGUS
LIVER
ANUS
MOUTH
NAME 6 THINGS IN THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
CAPILLARIES
HERT
VEINS
LUNGS
ARTERIES
BLOOD
NAME 6 THINGS IN THE BREATHING SYSTEM
BRONCHI
NOSE
TRACHEA
LUNGS
DIAPHRAGM
ALVEOLI
WHAT ARE THE KIDNEYS CALLED?
ADRENAL
WHAT ARE THE THINGS ON TOP OF THE KIDNEYS CALLED?
GLANDS
WHAT ARE THE TWO TYPES OF VARIATION?
CONTINUOS
DISCONTINUOS
WHAT DOES CONTINUOS MEAN?
IN CONTINUOS VARIATION THE DATA CAN BE MEASURED ACCURATELY AND PLACED ON A SCALE EG-HEIGHT AND MASS
WHAT DOES DISCONTINUOS MEAN?
HERE THE DATA FALLS INTO ONE OF SEVERAL GROUPS EG -
BLOOD GROUP
MALE/FEMALE
EYE COLOUR
TONGUE ROLLER OR NOT
WHAT ARE THINGS LIKE HAIR COLOUR AND EYE COLOUR MAINLY DETERMINED BY?
GENES INHERITED FROM YOUR MUM AND DAD
WHAT ARE THINGS LIKE BEING MUSICAL AND SPORTY DETERMINED BY?
THE ENVIRNMENT WE ARE IN
WHAT DO SCIENTISTS USE TO IDENTIFY UNKNOWN PLANTS AND ANIMALS?
A KEY
WHAT ARE VERTIBRTES?
ANIMALS WITH BACKBONES
WHAT ARE INVERTIBRATES?
ANIMALS WITHOUT BACKBONES
NAME ALL 5 GROUPS OF VERTIBRATES
FISH
AMPHIBIANS
REPTILES
BIRDS
MAMMALS
NAME ALL 5 GROUPS OF INVERTIBRATES
CNIDARIANS (JELLY FISH)
ANNELIDS
MOLLUSCS
ECHINODERMS
ARTHROPODS
NAME ALL 4 GROUPS OF ARTHROPODS
INSECTS
CRUSTCEANS
MYRIAPODS
ARACHNIDS
NAME THE 3 CHARACTERISTICS OF A FISH
GILLS, SCALES AND FINS
STREMLINED BODY
LIVE IN WATER
NAME THE 4 CHARACTERISTICS OF AN AMPHIBIAN
LUNGS
SMOOTH, WET SKIN
LIVE IN WATER AND ON LAND
EGGS LAID IN WATER
NAME THE 4 CHARACTERISTICS OF A REPTILE
LUNGS
SKIN COVERED IN TOUGH, DRY SCALES
LIVE IN WATER OR ON LAND
EGGS HAVE A RUBBERY SHELL AND ARE LAID ON LAND
NAME THE 4 CHARACTERISTICS OF A BIRD
LUNGS AND BEAK
FEATHERS AND WINGS
LAY EGGS WITH A HARD SHELL
KEEP THEIR BODY TEMPERATURE CONSTANT
NAME THE 4 CHARACTERISTICS OF A MAMMAL
BODY COVERED IN HAIR OR FUR
BABIES USUALLY DEVELOP INSIDE MOTHER
BABIES FED ON MILK FROM THEIR MOTHER
KEEP THEIR BODY TEMPERATURE CONSTANT
NAME THE 3 CHARACTERISTICS OF A CNIDARIAN (JELY FISH)
SIMPLE, SAC-LIKE BODY
TENTACLES AND STINGING CELLS
LIVE IN WATER
NAME THE 3 CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ANNELID
LONG BODY WHICH IS DIVIDED INTO RINGS
HAIRS CALLED CHAETAE WHICH HELP IN MOVEMENT
LIVE IN WATER AND ON LAND
NAME THE 2 CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ECHINODERM
STAR-SHAPED BODY COVERED BY SPINES AND HARD SKIN
LIVE IN WATER
NAME THE 3 CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ARTHROPOD
JOINTED LEGS
HARD, OUTSIDE SKELETONS
LIVE IN WATER AND ON LAND
NAME THE 4 CHARACTERISTICS OF AN INSECT
BODY DIVIDED INTO 3 SECTIONS
6 JOINTED LEGS
ANTENNAE
MANY HAVE 2 PAIRS OF WINGS
NAME THE 2 CHARACTERISTICS OF A CRUSTACEAN
VERY HARD OUTSIDE SKELETON
2 PAIRS OF ANTENNAE
NAME THE 3 CHARACTERISTICS OF A MYRIAPOD
LONG BODIES DIVIDE INTO LOTS OF SECTIONS
EACH SECTION HAS 1 OR 2 PAIRS OF JOINTED LEGS
ANTENNAE
NAME THE 3 CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ARACHNID
BODY DIVIDED INTO 2 SECTIONS
8 JOINTED LEGS
NO ANTENNAE
WHAT DOES THE FUNGI KINGDOM CONTAIN?
YEASTS
MOULDS
TOADSTOOLS
MUSHROOM
WHAT ARE FUNGI?
FUNGI ARE NOT PLANTS. THEY DO NOT CONTAIN CHLOROPHYLL AND CANNOT, THEREFORE, MAKE THEIR OWN FOOD BY PHOTOSYNTHESIS. INSTEAD THEY FEED ON DEAD OR WASTE MATERIAL OR SOMETIMES OTHER LIVING ORGANISMS.
HOW DOES FUNGI REPRODUCE?
BY SPORES WHICH THEY PRODUCE IN LARGE NUMBERS AND ARE DISPERSED IN THE AIR
WHAT DOES THE PLANT KINGDOM CONTAIN?
ALGAE
MOSSES AND LIVERWORTS
FERNS AND HORSETAILS
SEED PLANTS
WHAT IS ALGAE?
SIMPLE PLANTS WITH NO LEAVES, STEMS OR ROOTS. MAY BE RED, BROWN OR GREEN
WHAT DOES THE ALGAE GROUP CONTAIN?
SINGLE CELLED ALGAE
FILAMENTOUS ALGAE
SEAWEEDS
WHAT ARE LIVERWORTS AND MOSSES?
GREEN, USUALLY SMALL PLANTS WITH NO TRUE ROOTS. REPRODUCE BY A SPORE IN A SPORE CASE. USUALLY GROW IN DAMP HABITATS
WHAT ARE FERNS AND HORSETAILS?
GREEN, WITH ROOTS STEM AND LEAVES. REPRODUCE WITH SPORES WHICH ARE PRODUCED IN SPECIAL STRUCTURES, SOMETIMES ON THE BACKS OF LEAVES. USUALLY GROW IN DAMP HABITATS
WHAT ARE SEED PLANTS?
GREEN, WITH TRUE ROOTS, STEMS AND LEAVES. REPRODUCE BY SEEDS
WHAT CAN SEED PLANTS BE DIVIDED INTO?
CONIFERS
FLOWERING PLANTS
WHAT ARE CONIFERS?
CONE BEARERS. THE SEEDS ARE PRODUCED ON THE SCALES OF THE CONES
WHAT ARE FLOWERING PLANTS?
SEEDS ARE PRODUCED INSIDE A FRUIT FORMED FROM PART OF THE FLOWER
HOW DO BACTERIA AND YEASTS REPRODUCE?
BY GETTING BIGGER AND SPLITTING INTO 2. THIS IS CALLED ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
WHAT ARE SEX CELLS CALLED?
GAMETES