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67 Cards in this Set

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WHAT IS BIOLOGY THE STUDY OF?
BIOLOGY IS THE STUDY OF LIVING ORGANISMS
WHAT DOES BIO MEAN?
BIO MEANS LIFE
WHAT DO YOU CALL A PERSON THAT STUDIES BIOLOGY?
A BIOLOGIST
WHAT DOES ORGANISM MEANS?
ORGANISM MEANS AN ANIMAL, PLANT, OR OTHER LIVING THINGS
WHAT DOES ENVIRONMENT MEAN?
ENVIRONMENT MEANS AN ORGANISM'S SURROUNDINGS
WHAT IS A CELL?
LIVING THINGS ARE MADE UP FROM CELLS. CELLS ARE BASIC UNITS OF LIFE
HOW DO YOU REMEMBER THE 7 CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS?
YOU REMEMBER 'MRS GREN' OR 'MRS NERG'
NAME THE 7 CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS
MOVEMENT
REPRODUCTION
SENSITIVITY

GROWTH
RESPIRATION
EXCRETION
NUTRITION
WHAT DOES MOVEMENT MEAN?
A CHANGE IN POSITION OF ALL OR PART OF THE ORGANISM
WHAT DOES REPRODUCTION MEAN?
THE PRODUCTION OF OFFSPRING
WHAT DOES SENSITIVITY MEAN?
THE ABILITY TO REACT TO CHANGES IN THE ENVIRONMENT
WHAT DOES GROWTH MEAN?
AN INCREASE IN SIZE
WHAT DOES RESPIRATION MEAN?
THE RELEASE OF ENERGY FROM FOOD
WHAT DOES EXCRETION MEAN?
THE RELEASE OF WASTE PRODUCTS
WHAT DOES NUTRITION MEAN?
PLANTS US ENERGY FROM LIGHT TO MAKE FOOD, ANIMALS OBTAIN FOOD BY CONSUMING PLANTS OR OTHER ANIMALS
WHEN LOOKING DOWN A MICROSCOPE WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU MOVE A SLIDE THAT IS UNDERNEATH THE OBJECTIVE LENS?
THE SLIDE APPEARS TO BE MOVING IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION EG - IF YOU MOVE THE SLIDE LEFT IT MOVES RIGHT
ON A MICROSCOPE WHAT DO YOU CALL THE TURNER WHICH FOCUS' IT?
THE FOCUSING KNOB
ON A MICROSCOPE WHAT DO YOU CALL THE PART WHERE YOU LOOK DOWN?
THE EYEPIECE LENS
WHAT DO YOU CALL THE PART WHERE YOU PICK THE MICROSCOPE UP?
THE HANDLE
WHAT DO YOU CALL THE PART UNDERNEATH THE EYEPIECE LENS ON A MICROSCOPE?
THE TUBE
ON A MICROSCOPE, YOU LOOK THROUGH THE EYEPIECE LENS, BUT WHAT IS THE PART CALLED WHER THE MAGIFYIG PART IS?
THE OBJECTIVE LENS
WHAT DO YOU CALL THE PART ON A MICROSCOPE WHERE THE SLIDE GOES?
THE STAGE
ON A MICROSCOPE, WHAT IS THE PART CALLED THAT HOLDS THE SLIDE DOWN?
THE CLIP
WHAT PART OF THE MICROSCOPE IS UNDER THE STAGE?
THE MIRROR
BEFORE YOU USE THE LENS, WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO CHECK?
YOU HAVE TO CHECK THAT THE LOW POWER LENS IS IN PLACE
WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO PUT NEXT TO THE MICROSCOPE BEFORE YOU AJUST THE MIRROR?
A LAMP THAT IS POINTING AROUND THE STAGE AND UP THE BARREL OF THE MICROSCOPE. WHEN YOU LOOK DOWN THE MICROSCOPE, YOU SHOULD SEE A CIRCLE OF LIGHT
WHERE DO YOU HAVE TO PUT THE SPECIMEN UNDERNEATH THE LENS?
DIRECTLY UNDERNEATH THE OBJECTIVE LENS
WHAT SHOULD YOU NEVER DO WHEN YOU ARE LOOKING DOWN THE EYEPIECE OF A MICROSCOPE?
FOCUS DOWNWARDS BECAUSE YOU MIGHT CRASH INTO THE SLIDE
HOW DO YOU WORK OUT THE TOTAL MAGNIFICATION UNDER A MICROSCOP?
TIMES THE EYEPIECE MAGNIFICATION BY THE OBJECTIVE LENS MAGNIFICATION EG- EYEPIECE = X2 OBJECTIVE LENS = X10 TOTAL MAGNIFICATION = X20
WHAT DOES THE NUCLEUS LOOK LIKE IN A TYPICAL ANIMAL CELL?
A LARGE BLOB
IN A TYPICAL ANIMAL CELL WHAT DOES THE CYTOPLASM LOOK LIKE?
A WHITE PART SURROUNDING THE NUCLEAS
IN A TYPICAL ANIMAL CELL, WHAT IS THE CELL MEMBRANE?
THE WALL OF THE ANIMAL CELL
WHAT SHAPE IS A TYPICAL ANIMAL CELL?
AN OVAL
IN A TYPICAL PLANT CELL, WHAT DO YOU CALL THE PART IN THE MIDDLE?
THE VACUOLE CONTAINING A LIQUID CALLED CELL SAP
WHAT ARE THE SMALL GREEN SPOTS IN A TYPICAL PLANT CELL CALLED?
CHLOROPLASTS
WHAT DO YOU CALL THE PART SURROUNDING THE VACUOLE IN A TYPICAL PLANT CELL?
CYTOPLASM
WHERE CAN YOU FIND THE CELL MEMBRANE IN A TYPICAL PLANT CELL?
JUST IN FROM THE CELL WALL
WHERE IS THE NUCLEUS IN A TYPICAL PLANT CELL?
OUTSIDE THE VACUOLE, IN THE CYTOPLASM NEXT TO THE CELL MEMBRANE
WHAT SHAPE IS A TYPICAL PLANT CELL?
AN IRREGULAR PENTAGON
WHERE IS THE CELL WALL ON A TYPICAL PLANT CELL?
ON THE OUTER EDGE
WHAT WOULD A DIAGRAM OF AN ONION LOOK LIKE UNDER LOW POWER?
A BRICK WALL WITH UNEVEN BRICKS. ALL OF THE BRICKS HAVE A DOT IN THE MIDDLE
WHAT ARE SPECIALISED CELLS?
THERE ARE MANY DIFFERENT KINDS OF CELL IN A LIVING ORGANISM. THE SHAPE OF A CELL HELPS IT TO CARRY ITS FUNCTION (JOB)
WHERE IS THE CILIATED EPITHELIAL CELL IN THE HUMAN BODY?
IT LINES THE WINDPIPE
WHAT DOES THE CILIATED EPITHELIAL CELL DO?
THEY MOVE MUCUS UP THE WINDPIPE TO THE NOSE AND THROAT THE CILIA CAN MOVE AND THEY BEAT THE MUCUS UP THE WINDPIPE TO THE BACK OF THE THROAT
WHAT DOES THE EGG CELL CONTAIN IN THE HUMAN BODY?
THE EGG CONTAINS THE GENES FROM THE FEMALE PARENT. EGGS CONTIAN ALOT OF CYTOPLASM WHICH CONTAINS FOOD FOR THE DEVELOPING EMBRYO
WHAT IS BIOLOGY THE STUDY OF?
BIOLOGY IS THE STUDY OF LIVING ORGANISMS
WHAT DOES BIO MEAN?
BIO MEANS LIFE
WHAT DO YOU CALL A PERSON THAT STUDIES BIOLOGY?
A BIOLOGIST
WHAT DOES ORGANISM MEANS?
ORGANISM MEANS AN ANIMAL, PLANT, OR OTHER LIVING THINGS
WHAT DOES ENVIRONMENT MEAN?
ENVIRONMENT MEANS AN ORGANISM'S SURROUNDINGS
WHAT IS A CELL?
LIVING THINGS ARE MADE UP FROM CELLS. CELLS ARE BASIC UNITS OF LIFE
HOW DO YOU REMEMBER THE 7 CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS?
YOU REMEMBER 'MRS GREN' OR 'MRS NERG'
NAME THE 7 CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS
MOVEMENT
REPRODUCTION
SENSITIVITY

GROWTH
RESPIRATION
EXCRETION
NUTRITION
WHAT DOES MOVEMENT MEAN?
A CHANGE IN POSITION OF ALL OR PART OF THE ORGANISM
WHAT DOES REPRODUCTION MEAN?
THE PRODUCTION OF OFFSPRING
WHAT DOES SENSITIVITY MEAN?
THE ABILITY TO REACT TO CHANGES IN THE ENVIRONMENT
WHAT DOES GROWTH MEAN?
AN INCREASE IN SIZE
WHAT DOES RESPIRATION MEAN?
THE RELEASE OF ENERGY FROM FOOD
WHAT DOES EXCRETION MEAN?
THE RELEASE OF WASTE PRODUCTS
WHAT DOES NUTRITION MEAN?
PLANTS US ENERGY FROM LIGHT TO MAKE FOOD, ANIMALS OBTAIN FOOD BY CONSUMING PLANTS OR OTHER ANIMALS
WHAT DOES THE SPERM CELL CONTAIN?
SPERM CONTAINS GENES FROM THE MALE PARENT. THE SPERM HAS A TAIL WHICH ENABLES IT TO SWIM TO THE EGG
WHAT MEASUREMENT DO SCIENTISTS USE?
METRES - M
MILLIMETRES - MM
MICROMETRES - AN EXTENDED U THEN AN M = UM
1 M = HOW MANY UM
1MM = 1000MM
1 MM = HOW MANY UM
1MM = 1000UM
1M = HOW MANY UM
1M = 1000000UM
HOW DO YOU MEASURE A CELL?
MEASURE FIELD OF VIEW OF MICROSCOPE USING A CLEAR PLASTIC RULER
IF THE FIELD OF VIEW MEASURES 2000 UM AND THERE IS 6 CELLS STRETCHED ACROSS IT. WHAT DOES 1 CELL MEASURE
ABOUT 333UM