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45 Cards in this Set

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define: fucoxanthin
cholophylls in large amt. giving brown color
define: phycobilins
chlorophyll a -red algae
define: stipe
stem like portion of alga
define: blade
leaflike region for photoynthesis
define: carageenan
sticky subastance in red algae. used in cosmetics, gelatin capsules and some cheeses
define: agar
gel-forming base for culturing microbs, extracted from cell walls of red algae
define: diatomeous earth
dead diatoms shells sunken in large #s, forming layer.
commercialized, ex- detergents, paint removers, fertilizers, insulatos, some toothpaste
define: botany
study of plants
define: agriculture
growing plants and raising animals for human use
define: cereal
grasses containing grain
define: root crop
underground, rich in carbs
define: legume
members of pea family and bear protein rich seeds
define: nut
hard outter layer and contain dry one-seed fruit
define: fruit
part of flowering plant containg seeds
define: vegetable
from leaves, stems, seeds and roots of soft plants
define: fucoxanthin
cholophylls in large amt. giving brown color
define: phycobilins
chlorophyll a -red algae
define: stipe
stem like portion of alga
define: blade
leaflike region for photoynthesis
define: carageenan
sticky subastance in red algae. used in cosmetics, gelatin capsules and some cheeses
define: agar
gel-forming base for culturing microbs, extracted from cell walls of red algae
define: diatomeous earth
dead diatoms shells sunken in large #s, forming layer.
commercialized, ex- detergents, paint removers, fertilizers, insulatos, some toothpaste
define: botany
study of plants
define: agriculture
growing plants and raising animals for human use
define: cereal
grasses containing grain
define: root crop
underground, rich in carbs
define: legume
members of pea family and bear protein rich seeds
define: nut
hard outter layer and contain dry one-seed fruit
define: fruit
part of flowering plant containg seeds
define: vegetable
from leaves, stems, seeds and roots of soft plants
define: laminarin
carb. w/ glucose units that are linked dif. than starches.
define: alginate
from cell walls. ex- cosmetics and drugs. food and stabilizer in ice cream
define: diatoms
shells w/ 2 lids 1/2 are called valves
centric diatoms
circular/triangular shells
-marine
pennate diatoms
rectangle -fresh water
bioluminescence
sparkeling lt. produced by Noctiluca, by dinoflagellates
Biologist belive green algae gave rise to land plants cuz both...
contain chlorophylls a and b
multicellular algae that store foos as laminarin are grouped in phylum...
phaeophyta
flagellated unicellular algae lacking cell wall are grouped in phylum...
Euglenophyta
diatomaceous earth is valuble cuz...
can be comercialized
most dinoflagellates move by
moving 2 flaella
3 parts of brown alga in order
1. blade
2. stripe
3. hold fast
2 body forms of green algae
single celles and colonial
3 enviornments of algae
gresh water, dry lake beds, ocean, marine, frozen lakes
phylum containing algae that live at great ocean depths
rhodophyta