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90 Cards in this Set

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Define:
Stamen
- pollen bearing part of a flower.
- usually composed of two parts, the anther and filament.
Define:
Racemose
- indeterminate maturation.
- flowers lower down on the stem/rachis mature before the flowers at the ternimal end of the stem/rachis.
Define:
Fused filaments
- filament portion of the stamen are fused together in some fashion.
Define:
Receptacle
- enlarged end of a pedicel.
- Think "fleshy" part of a strawberry.
Define:
Flattened capitulum
- "pancake like" enlargement of terminal end of stalk with flowers attached.
Define:
Cymose
- determinate maturation.
- flower(s) at the terminal end of the stem/rachis mature first, followed by maturation of the flowers lower down the stem/rachis.
Define:
Pedecelled
- individual flowers attached to inflorescence by (smaller) stalks.
Define:
Flower Shape - Urceolate
- urn shaped flower.
Define:
Epipetalous
- stamen filament is attached, or fused, to the petal of the flower.
Define:
Incomplete flower
- flower lacking any of the 4 whorls.
Define:
Flower Shape - Papillionaceous
- zygomorphic symmetry, butterfly shaped flower.
Define:
Epigynous
- petals attached near the top of the ovary.
- inferior ovary.
Define:
Anther
- the pollen bearing part of the stamen.
Define:
Flower Shape - Ligulate
- strap like.
Define:
Flower Shape - Salverform
- abruptly flaring toward edge of corolla.
Define:
Cyme or dichasium
- any type of inflorescence where the most mature flower is at the centre.
Define:
Filament (flower part)
- portion of the stamen that connects the anther to the flower.
- stalk portion of the stamen.
Define:
Flower Shape - Tubular
- little or no flaring of petals.
Define:
Indehiscent
- does not split open on its own.
- ovary fused to integuments.
Define:
Perigynous
- petal attachment is somewhere between inferior ovary and superior ovary configurations.
Define:
Monadelphous fusion
- all stamen in one flower are fused.
Define:
Actinomorphic symmetry
- many planes of symmetry.
-a flower that looks the same on both the left and right sides of centre in more than one radial position.
Define:
Fused anthers
- anther portion of the stamen are fused together in some fashion.
Define:
Follicle
- dehiscent fruit, one carpel, splits open on one side only.
Define:
Carpel
- single "leaf" of material that makes up an ovary.
Define:
Legume or loment
- dehiscent fruit, one carpel, 2 suture lines.
Define:
Achene
- indehiscent fruit with one carpel and one seed.
Define:
Free central placentation
- ovules attach to ovary on a central structure relatively free of attachment to the sides of the locule wall.
Define:
Flower Shape - Hypogynous
- sepals and petals attached underneath of the ovary.
- superior ovary.
Define:
Pistil
-female flower part made up of a stigma, style, ovary.
Define:
Spike
- raceme without pedicel(s).
- one individual flower at each attachment point along the stem/rachis.
Define:
Elongated spike
- spike (raceme without pedicels) with the individual flowers spaced along the stem/rachis.
Define:
Stigma
- pollen receptive surface of the pistil.
Define:
Apocarpous
- carpels are free and distinct from each other in a single flower.
Define:
False fruits
- fruit is made of recepticle tissue or hypantheum tissue.
-recepticle tissue fruit: strawberry.
- hypantheum tissue fruit: rose hip
Define:
Locule
- cavity or chamber on the inside of the ovary.
Define:
Ament
- catkin
- dense spike, often with incomplete flowers.
Define:
Catkin
- ament spike (raceme without pedecels).
- dense spike, often with incompete flowers.
Define:
Style
- elongated portion of the pistil between the stigma and ovary.
Define:
Accessory (in association with false fruits)
- fruit made of ovary and accessory tissue.
-pome, pear, apple, saskatoon
Define:
Multiple false fruit
- false fruit made of many ovaries.
- pineapple, strawberry, raspberry
Define:
Ovary
- ovule bearing portion of the pistil.
Define:
Flower Shape - Campanulate
- bell shape flower.
Define:
Capitulum (head)
- end of stalk is enlarged and the flowers are attached to enlarged portion of stalk.
Define:
Flower Shape - Funnelform
- gradual widening toward outer edge of corolla.
Define:
Monecious
- both male and female flowers on the same plant
- Tip: remember "one-house"
Define:
Complete flower
- flower having all four whorls present.
Define:
Synoecius
- flowers are perfect, male and female parts on each flower.
- all flowers on each plant have both male and female parts.
Define:
Syncarpous
- carpels fused together, at least at the base.
Define:
Globose capitulum
- rounded enlargement of terminal end of stalk with individual flowers attached.
Define:
Dehiscent
- splits open on its own.
Define:
Berry
- fleshy fruit, more than one carpel, many seeds.
- tomato, banana, bell pepper
- NOT strawberry
Define:
Peduncle
- stalk of entire inflorescence group.
Define:
Corymb
- pedecels arise along the stem/rachis.
- indeterminate maturation.
Define:
Inflorescence
- any type of flower cluster.
Define:
Androecium
- the male parts of a flower.
Define:
Silique
- dehiscent fruit, long & thin, parietal placentation.
Define:
Parietal placentation
- ovules attach to outer wall of locule.
Define:
Axile placentation
- ovules attach to ovary at a central core.
Define:
Gynoecium
- female parts of a flower
-carpel, pistil
Define:
Nut
- indehiscent fruit with multiple carpels and one seed.
Define:
Pedicel
- stalk of each individual flower within an inflorescence group.
Define:
Imperfect flower
- a single flower that lacks either male or female parts.
Define:
Zygomorphic symmetry
- only one plane of symmetry.
- the flower looks the same on the left and right sides of centre in only one radial position.
Define:
Perfect flower
- both male and female parts present in a single flower.
Define:
Pedicel
-stalk originating from the stem or rachis and terminating at the flower.
Define:
Tetradynamous
- 4 long stamens, 2 short stamens.
Define:
Auxillary inflorescence
- flower cluster originating from the axil of a leaf.
Define:
Terminal inflorescence
- flower cluster originating at the end of the stem.
Define:
Flower Shape - Rotate
- saucer or wheel shape flower.
Define:
Flower Shape - Spurred
- each petal has a spur formation sticking out from the flower.
Define:
True fruit
- fruit made of ovary tissue and/or carpel tissue.
Define:
Capsule
- dehiscent fruit, many carpels.
Define:
Silicle
- dehiscent fruit, fat & round.
Define:
Diadelphous
- all stamen are fused except one.
- 1 free stamen, the rest are fused.
Define:
Didynamous
- stamen in two pairs, one pair is longer than the other pair.
Define:
Samara
- indehiscent fruit with winged achene (one carpel and one seed).
Define:
Schizocarp
- indehiscent fruit that splits into its seperate carpels at maturity.
Define:
Drupe
- fleshy fruit, one carpelled ovary, one seed with a hard outer coating surrounded by fleshy part(s).
- cherry, peach
Define:
Flower Shape - Bilabiate
- zygomorphic symmetry, corolla forms a double lipped shape.
Define:
Sessile
- individual flowers of the inflorescence attached directly to the stem or rachis.
Define:
Dioecious
- either all male or all female flowers are on one plant.
- each plant has ONLY male OR female flowers.
- TIP: remember "two-houses"
Define:
Umbel
- multiple pedicels originate from a single point on the stem or rachis.
Define:
Raceme
-configuration of stem/rachis and pedicel having single pedicels coming off of the stem/rachis and terminating in single flowers.
Define:
Panicle
- compound raceme
- configuration of stem/rachis and pedicels having groups or clusters of pedicels and flowers, each group on a single rachis, originating from a main stem/rachis.
Name the four whorls of a flower:
- sepals (leaflike)
- petals (most colorfull portion of the flower)
- androecium (male parts), stamens (anther & filament).
- gynoecium (female parts), pistil.
Define:
Hypantheum
- results from the fusion of the base of the sepals (calyx) and petals.
- sometimes includes filaments of stamens.
Define:
Corolla (petals)
- on a complete flower, the whorl next to the sepals.
- usually the most colorful and fancifull whorl.
- all the petals on one flower are called the corolla.
Define:
Perianth (tepals)
- calyx (sepals) & corolla (petals).
Define:
Calyx (sepals)
- outermost whorl of a complete flower, mostly leaflike structures. All the sepals in one flower are a calyx.