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27 Cards in this Set

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photosynthesis
3CO2+3H2O__light__ C6H12O6

occurs in chloroplasts
process by which plants use sunlight, CO2 and H2O to produce carbohydrates and oxygen.
lipids
includes fats, oils, steroids and waxes

store long term energy
proteins
building blocks of proteins are aminoacids
aminoacids
(a.a.)
the a.a. are connected by peptide bonds
nucleic acids
DNA and RNA

building blocks of the nucleic acids are nucleotides
macromolecules
1. carbohydrates
2. lipids
3. proteins
4. nucleic acid
poly saccharides
starch- made by plants

glycogen- made by animals
monosaccarides
glucose
(blood sugar)

fructose
(fruit sugar)
disaccarides
sucrose
(table sugar)
cell theory
1. all living things are made up of cells
2. cells are the basic unit of structure and function
3. all cells come from preexisting cells
Virchow
cells come from preexisting cells
T. Schwan
worked with animal cells
M. Schleiden
Plant cells
R. Hooke
worked with cork cells
isotonic solution
equilibrium
hypertonic solution
shrnks
carbohydrates
quick energy

-disaccarides
-monosaccarides
-polysaccarides

C,H,O in a 1:2:1 ratio
ex: C6 H12 O6
mitochondria
- outer membrane
- crisbe
- inner membrane
- matrix
Chloroplasts
- grana
- stroma
- hylavoid
elements in the body
"chonps"
- carbon
- hydrogen
- oxygen
- nitrogen
- phosphorus
- sulfur
pH scale
o ----- 7 ----- 14
acid neutral base
acids and bases
H2O-- H+ + OH
acids bases
hypotonic solution
swells
Fermentation
(cellular respiration)
1. lactic acid fermentation

2. alcohol fermentation
photosynthesis
plants, bacteria, protists
3 environmental factors that affect photosynthesis
- concentration of CO2
- light intensity
- temperature
cellular respiration
animals, protists