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89 Cards in this Set

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ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Stimulates adrenal cortex
Secreted by the pituatary
Active Site
Location on an enzyme where the chemical reaction occurs
Aerobic
Requires the presense of oxygen
Alveoli
Terminal air sacs of lungs
Anaerobic
Does not require the prescene of oxygen
Angioplasty
Insertion of a balloon into an artery to widen opening
Amniocentesis
Test to determine genetic defects in a fetus using amnoic fluid
Antigen
any substance that can trigger an immune response
Arthritis
joint pain
Autoimmune disorder
Body's immune system attacks its own body tissue
Axon
Part of neutron that carries messages away from the cell body
AZT
Experimental drug used in AIDS therapy
Bacilli
Rod-shaped bacteria
Baeteremia
Presence of bacteria in blood
Basal Metbolism
Rate at which a resting organism expends energy
Bilirubin
Bile pigment; responsible for Jaundice
Biosphere
The place where all living systems are found on Earth
Bolus
Mass of chewed food ready to be swallowed
Bradycardia
Slowness of heartbeat
Bursa
fluid filled sac that cushions joints
Bile
Liquid secreted by liver that immulsifys fat
Carcinogen
Cancer causing agent
Carrying Capacity
The number of living things that can exist in an environment
Rachel Carson
Wrote "Silent Spring"
which is about the overuse of pesticides
Cell
The basic unit of all living things
Cellulose
forms cell walls in plants (animals don't have cell walls)
Chemotaxis
Movement toward chemical stimulus
Cellulose
forms cell walls in plants (animals don't have cell walls)
Cholecystectomy
Removal of gall bladder
Chlorophyl
Green pigment in plants that convers sunlight to energy
CAT scan
Computerized Axial Tomography
Colon
Another name for the large intestine
Congenital
Present at birth
Charles Darwin
Wrote "Origin of the Species" and "the Descent of Man"
Peristalisis
Wave of contraction in a tublar organ (swallowing in esophagus)
PET Scan
Positron Emission Tomography
Pyogenic
Pus producing
Reflux
Abnormal backflow of liquid
Sclera
Protective coat of eye
Small intestine
3 parts: Duodenum, jejunum, and ileum
Spirilla
Spirial shaped bacteria
Stoma
Mouth-like opening
Synapse
Gap between neurons
Systolic Pressure
Blood pressure during Contraction of left ventricle
Tachycardia
Rapid heart rate
Thrombus
Stationary clot
Trachea
Air tube
Umbilicus
Navel
Ureter
Tube that carries urine from kidney to a bladder
Vector
Transports a pathogenic organism to a host
Deciduous
Trees that lose their leaves and become dormant in the winter
Dendrite
Part of neuron that carries messages to the cell body
Dopamine
Neurotransmitter that is deficient in Parkinson's patients
Double helix
Shape of the DNA molecule
Endocrine Glands
Produce hormones
Embolus
Moving blood clot
Endrometrium
Lining of the Uterus
Eugenics
Selective breeding of humans
Fontanelle
Soft spot on baby's head caused by gap between skull bones
Fundus
Upper part of Stomach
Gene
Basic unit of heredity
Gene pool
Total number of genes available in a species
Genetic engineering
Manipulation of DNA molecules to produce new types of organisms
Ectopic pregnancy
Pregnance outside of the womb (usually in the fallopian tube)
Duodenum
First section of the Small Intestine
Genetic engineering
Manipulation of DNA molecules to produce new types of organisms
Glomerulus
Filtering element in Nephron
Hemoglobin
Iron containing compound responsible for carrying oxygen
Hypothermia
Low body temperature
"in vitro"
In a test tube
"in vivo"
In an animal
Islets of Langerhans
Pancreatic area that contains beta cells (insulin producing cells)
Jaundice
Yellowing of the skin
Carolus Linnaeus
Originated animal classification system: binomial nomenclature
Lipid
Fatty substance
Mitosis
Cell division
Muscle
3 types: Skeletal, Caridiac (involuntary), and Smooth (involuntary)
Natural Selection
survival and reproduction of the fittest organisms
Necrosis
Tissue death
Nephron
Functional unit of the kidney
Nitrogen Fixing
Conversion of atmospheric N into usuable forms
done by bacteria
Oncologist
Cancer doctor
Pandemic
Widespread epidemic of disease
Pap Smear
Test for cervix cancer
Parotid Glands
Salivary glands located above the jaw and in front of the ear
Pericarditis
Inflammation of the pericardium (heart lining)
Tinnitus
Ringing in ears
Pepsin
Chief digestive enzyme of the stomach
Diastolic BP
Blood pressure during relaxation of Left Ventricle (see systolic)