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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How did Copernicus revolutionize scientific thought?
Came up with Heliocentric theory
What was the basis of the Darwinian Revolution?
Man descended from apes, and we're not above the phylogeny chart because of god
What makes up evolution?
-It is a template for understanding diversity of an organism
What is creationism?
It is the antithesis of evolution, people were created by a higher being and the basis of it is faith.
In 1795, Hutton proposed what theory?
Gradualism - profound change is the cumulative product of slow but continuous processes
"Essays on the Principal of Population" was published by whom?
Malthus in 1798
1809 A.D.
Lamark publishes his theory on evolution
"Principles of Geology" was published when?
1830 by Lyell
Darwin traveled the world on the HMS Beagle during this time period
1831-1836 A.D.
What did Darwin do in 1837?
He began is notebooks on the origin of species
When did Darwin first write about his theories?
1844, his essay on the origin of species
1859 A.D.
"The Origin of Species" was published
What did Mendel publish in 1865?
Papers on inheritance
What did Linnaeous contribute to science?
-He was the father of taxony
i.e. he standardized binomial nomenclature
When did Linnaeous live?
Cuvier was best known as whom?
"The Baron"
What did the Baron beleive in?
Extensionism-that each time period ended with a catastrophe (ex: meteors hitting earth, etc.)
genetic drift in a new colony is known as --
founder effect
similarity in characteristics resulting from common ancestry
Hardy-Weinberg theorum
The frequencies of alleles and genotypes in a population's gene pool remain constant over the generations unless acted upon by outside forces (other than Mendelian segregation etc)
bottleneck effect
genetic drift due to a drastic reduction in population size
Hardy-Weinberg equation
p + q = 1
graded change in some trait along a geographic axis
gene pool
total aggregate of genes in a population at any one time
Hardy-Weinberg assumptions:
1. Very large population size
2. No migration
3. No net mutations
4. Random matings
5. No natural selection
many morphs, 2 or more forms of distinct phenotypes
Example of polymorphism; the screech owl
2 morphs, red and gray
geneticists measure genetic diversity through...
electrophoresis (separates very similar proteins)
2 kinds of genetic diversity
1.)% heterozygous loci
2.)Nucleotide diversity
The two types of proteins are:
a localized group of individuals that have the potential to interbreed and produce fertile offspring
genetic drift
a change in population's allele frequencies due to chance