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42 Cards in this Set

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mittelschmerz
a slight discomfort accompanying ovulation and experienced by only a few women
ectopic pregnancy
the implantationof an embryo someplace other than in the lining of the corpus of the uterus
ovulation
the release of an egg from Graafian follicle; occurs around the 14th day of the menstrual cycle
progesterone
the hormone secreted by the corpud luteum; maintains the endometrium for pregnancy
menstruation
the flow of blood from the uterus; indicates the end of the menstrual cycle
vulva
refers to the external female genetalia
ovary
organs thet produce eggs and secrete estrogen
corpus luteum
also called "yellow body"; derived fromthe Grasfian follicle; produces estrogen/progesterone
myometrium
muscular walls of the uterus
vagina
the female organ of intercourse; its also the birth canal and passageway for the menstrual flow
mon veneris
the fatty cushion resting over the pubic bone, covered by pubic hair; it protects the reproductive organs
proliferation
refers to the growth of the endometrium prior to ovulation
pelvis
refers to the hips or hip girdle
corpus
the large muscular part of the uterus
pituitary gland
the gland that secretes leutenizing hormone(LH) and follicle stimulating hormone(FSH)
vestible
term refering to the space between the labia minora into which open the urethra and vagina
placenta
the organ that connects a fetus to its mothers uterus; allows for the exchange of nutrients and wastes
dysmenorrhea
painful menstruation that is not relieved by mild painkillers
Fallopian tube
also called the oviduct; carries the egg from the ovary to the uterus
cervix
a small part of the uterus that opens into the vagina
estrogen
primary female sex hormone; controls primary and secondary sex characteristics
clitoris
the small cylindrical body between the labia minora; it's richly supplied with nerve fibers and blood vessels; analagous to the male penis
fertilization
the union of a sperm and an egg; usually occurs in the oviduct
primary follicle
a special group of cells in the ovary that mature to produce an egg and later form the corpus luteum
endometrium
soft tissue, richly supplied with blood vessels; the inner lining of the uterus
tampon
a device inserted into the vagina to absorb the menstrual flow
genitalia
external reproductive structures: vulva in females
uterus
the large muscular pouch that houses the developing embryo
Graafian follicle
matured primary follicle prior to ovulation; produces estrogen
amenorrhea
absence of menstruation
isthmus
the narrow segment of the uterus between corpus and cervix
anemia
reduced number of red blood cells; this can cause a very light menstruation
labia minora
small folds of skin between the labia majora; covers the clitoris
stigma
small protusion on Graafian follicle; stimulates LH production by the pituitary gland.
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
stimulates the primary follicle to begin growing an egg
puberty
the onset of increased hormone secretion resulting in sexual maturation; it usually occurs between 10-14 years
lutenizing hormone
LH the hormone produced by the pituitary gland
labia majora
large heavy folds of skin surrounding the external opening of the vagina
hymen
the membrane that stretches across the opening of the vagina
menarch
the first menstrual cycle
menorrhagia
abnormally heavy menstrual flow
menopause
the last menstrual cycle