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13 Cards in this Set

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haploid
having only one set of chromosomes
gamete
haploid cell that participates in fertilization by fusing with another haploid cell
karyotype
array of the chromosomes found in an individual's cells arranged in order of size and shape
gene
section of a chromosome that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
sex chromosome
one of a pair of chromosomes that are involved in determining the sex of an individual
binary fission
form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspring
homologous chromosome
a member of a chromosome pair, both of which are similar in shape, size, and the genes they carry
chromatid
one of a pair of strands of DNA that make up a chromosome during meiosis or mitosis
diploid
term used to indicate a cell containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inherited from each parent
autosome
a chromosome that is not directly involved in determining sex
chromosome
structure made of DNA and associated proteins on which genes are located
centromere
region joining two chromatids
zygote
fertilized egg cell