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29 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Which doesn't have a nucleus, Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic?
Prokaryotic
What do elements do to stabalize themselves?
They will odnate or recieve electrons
What is chloroplast?
It is the location of photosynthesis.
What do phospholipids do?
They are perfect for forming cell membranes. They let small substances in/out.
What does anaerobic respiration in animals convert into?
Lactic acid.
What are proteins?
They are amino acids that for structures like nails, hai, etc. They also are antibodies and enzymes.
What is photosynthesis?
It is where light is used to make sugar.
What are phospholipids?
They are amphipathic with 2 halves with 2 fatty acid tails. Loves water/hates oil and loves oil/hates water.
Which requires oxygen, aerobic or anaerobic respiration?
Aerobic
What transports small substances?
Protein channels transport substances. Nutrients in wastes out. Large substances cannot pass through the channels.
Protein coats do what for viruses?
They give viruses specific shapes and ability to attach to specific cells.
What does a sugar structure look like, and what is its monomer?
A 6 carbon ring, and its monomer is saccharide.
What is mitochondria?
It is the powerhouse of a cell that turns sugar into energy. (ATP)
What are horomones and what do they do, and what does it store?
Horomones are in the cytoplasm and is fluid inside the cell. It is made of water and protein. Stores DNA.
What is glycolysis?
It is the breaking of sugars in the cytoplasm.
What are saturated fats?
They are fatty acids full of hydrogens with straight tails. This makes them pack together easier and thus creating a solid fat.
What is an example of anaerobic respiration?
Bacteria and yeast. Pyruvates are converted into CO2 and ethanol.
What are unsaturated fats?
They are Fatty acids with missing hydrogens. This makes them have kinked tails and are loose. This makes them turn into oils.
What are the heterotrophic animal cells lacking?
No cell walls, no chloroplast, and no vacuole.
Are lipids long term energy or short term energy and what is its monomer?
Lipids are short term energy because their monomer is glycerol. They are 3 carbons with 3 fatty acid tails. Also the lipid has many bonds.
What is the endoplasmic Reticulum?
It is the location of protein synthesis.
What are the 2 types of triglycerides?
Saturated fats and Unsaturated fats.
A vacuole is.....
A waste storage area
What are the 3 types of cells?
Coccus, Bacillus, and Sparilla.
What do the golgi bodies do?
They sort the proteins and sends them to their proper locations.
What do antibodies do to bacteria?
It kills them.
What is exocytosis?
This is where it releases large substances in the form of ear wax, and mucous.
What is endocytosis?
This is where the cell membrane engulfs large substances.
Is sugar short term energy or long term energy, and why.
Short term energy because it has few bonds, meaning it has less energy.