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25 Cards in this Set

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Cell Wall
-Supports the cell
-Protects the cell
-Made of Cellulose
Nucleus
-Controls cells processes
-contains DNA
Ribosomes
Where protein is assembled
Endoplasmic Recticulum
-Where some proteins are modified
-Components of cell membrade are modified
Golgi Apparatus
Package up the Protein. Add lipids, and carbohydrates
(Post Office)
Lysosomes
break down lipids carbo., and proteins into food
Vacuoles
store extra resources
Chlorplasts
-use photosynthesis
-contain DNA
Mitochondria
-use energy from food to make high energy compuons that the cell can use to power GROUWTH, DEVOLOPMENT, MOVEMENT.
-Contain DNA
Anton can Leeuwenhook
saw small organisms through an optiscope.(1600's)
Robert Hooke
found the cells=> chambers (1665.)
Robert Brown
observed a dark structure inside of the cell
Matthias Schleiden
(1838) - all plants are made of cells
Theodor Schleiden
(1839) - Discovered that all animals are made of cells
Rudolph Virchow
(1855) - Stated that all cells arise from the division of pre-existing cells
THE CELL THRORY
1-livingh things are composed of cells
2-Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things
3-New cells are produced from existing cells
What All Cells Have
-Cell Membrane
-Cytoplasm
-Genietic material/information
Prokaryotic Cells
-Ex:
-compared to eukaroytic cells
-Smaller and simpler then eukaryoetes
-bacteria
Chromatin
granular material found within the nucleus-DNA-
Chromosomes
threadlike structures containing the genetic information that is passed from on egereration of cells to the next
Nucleolus
-Small thing inside the nucleus
-CONTAINS INFORMATION ON HOW TO MAKE PROTEINS
Nuclear envelope
:Double-membrane layer that surrounds the nucleus
:RNA
Cytoskeleton
a network of protein filaments that helps the cell to maintain its shape
Microtubules
-hollow tubes of protein that help maintain cell shape and can also sereve as "tracks along which organelles are moved
Microfiliaments
long, thin fibers that funcion in the movement and support of the cell