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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
define "bioethics"
a way to analyze, think about, and make decisions about difficult issues related to biology
What are the 4 major ways to classify questions related to biological ethics?
ethical, legal, scientific, and personal preference
What is a "stakeholder"?
a being that is physically, emotionally, or economically affected by the resolution of an ethical question
(not just humans)
How can you determine what is an "ethical question"?
- determine that there are ethical issues at stake
-separate these ethical questions from legal, scientific, and personal preference type questions
What can be attributed to the rise of ethical questions?
the advancement of technology
What are the relevant facts of an ethical question?
Both scientific facts, which deal with harms and benefits, and social science facts, which deal with psychological, anthropological, historical, or economic issues must be considered in an ethical question.
How do cultural attitudes affect ethical questions?
Cultural attitudes are matters of personal preference so groups or individuals may be particularly disadvantaged in a situation.
How can the relevant facts of an ethical question be considered?
Mainly through research of information.
What are three widely recognized ethical considerations? (three main considerations)
1) respect for persons
2) minimizing harms while maximizing benifits
3) fairness to all
List alternate items that are considered when discussing an ethical issue.
Authenticity, responsibilities of individuals in their community and natural world, and the intrinsic value of animals are all considered in addition to the three main considerations.