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43 Cards in this Set

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Systemic
Study of the body's structures by systems such as the nervous and muscular systems.
Regional
Study of the body's organization by areas; the approach used in most medical schools.
Surface
Study of external features
Anatomical
X-rays, ultrasounds, and magnetic imaging of internal structures.
Physiology
Scientific processes or functions of living things.
Organelle
A structure within a cell that performs one or more specific functions.
Cell
Basic living unit of all plants and animals
Tissue
Group of cells with similar structures and function plus the extracellular substances located between them.
Organ
Two or more tissue types that perform one or more functions
Integumentary
Organ system that consists of skin, hair, and nails
Prevents water loss
Nervous
Organ system that consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves
Detects sensation and contols movements.
Respiratory
Organ system that consists of the lungs
Exchanges gases etween blood and the air
Urinary
Organ system that consists of the kidneys and urinary bladder;
removes waste products from the circulatory system
Digestive
Organ system that consists of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines.
protects and supports the body produces blood cells.
Skeletal
Organ system that consists of bones, and cartilage
protects and supports the body, and produces blood cells
Cardiovascular
Organ system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
transports nutrients, wastes and gases
Endocrine
Organ system that consists of glands such as the pituitary and thyroid glands
major regulatory system
Muscular
Organ system that consists of muscles attached to the skeleton
allows body movement, maintains posture, and produces body heat.
Variable
Condition
Body temperature, that can change in value
Set point
Ideal, normal value of a variable maintained by homeostatic mechanisms
Normal Range
Slight increase or decrease of a variable around its set point
Receptor
Monitors the value of a variable like blood pressure
Control Center
Establihes the set point around which the value of a variable is maintained
part of the brain
Effector
Can change the value of a variable
The heart can change blood pressure
Inferior
Lower than
Posterior and Dorsal
Toward the back of the body
Anterior and Ventral
Toward the front of the body
Distal
Farther from the point of attachment to the body than another structure
Lateral
Away from the midline
Deep
Away from the surface
Sagittal Plane
Runs vertically through the body
an arrow
Transverse Plane
Runs parallel to the surface of the ground
Divides body into inferior and superior parts
Frontal (coronal) Plane
Runs vertically through the body
divides it into anterior and posterior parts
Longitudial Section
Cut through the long axis of an organ
Transverse (Cross) Section
Cut at a right angle to the ong xis of an organ
Oblique Section
Cut across the long axis of an organ at any angle other than a right angle.
Upper Limb
Consists of the arm, forarm, wrist, and hand
Arm
Extends form the shoulder to the elbow
Forearm
Extends from the elbow to the wrist.
Lower limb
consists of the thigh, leg, ankle, and foot
Thigh
extends from the hip to the knee
Leg
extends from the knee to the ankle
Trunk
consists of the Thorax, abdomen, Pelvis