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5 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Structure and role of Starch: Amylose

Type:
Repeating unit:
Size:
Roles/significance:
Type:Homo-

Repeating unit:(alpha-1~>4) Glc, linear

Size:50-5000

Roles/significance:energy storage: in plants
Structure and role of Starch: Amylopectin

Type:
Repeating unit:
Size:
Roles/significance:
Type:Homo-

Repeating unit:(alpha-1~>4) Glc, with alpha-1~>6) Glc branches every 24-30 residues

Size:up to 10^6

Roles/significance:energy storage: in plants
Structure and role of Glycogen

Type:
Repeating unit:
Size:
Roles/significance:
Type:Homo-

Repeating unit::(alpha-1~>4) Glc, with alpha-1~>6) Glc branches every 8-12 residues

Size:up to 50,000

Roles/significance:Energy storage: in bacteria and animal cells
Structure and role of Cellulose

Type:
Repeating unit:
Size:
Roles/significance:
Type:Homo-

Repeating unit:(beta-1~>4)Glc

Size:up to 15000

Roles/significance: Structral: in plants, gives rigidity and stength to cell walls
Structure and role of Chitin

Type:
Repeating unit:
Size:
Roles/significance:
Type:Homo-

Repeating unit:(beta-1~>4)GlcNAc

Size:Very large

Roles/significance:Structral: in insects, spiders, crustaceans, gives rigidity and strength to exoskeletons