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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Most pop wt-loss diets involve what?
Most (Atkins, Zone, South Beach) even if they say otherwise involve reducing carb intake.
In the short-term what is common in pop wt-loss diets?
Water loss is common.
What might these pop. wt-loss diets be accompanied by?
This may be accompanied by an increase in protein intake. Since most of these protein-rich foods are high in fat, this may also involve an increase in fat intake.
What are the diet recommendations (7) for the 1st phase (14 days) of the south beach diet?
1. Eat meat, chicken, turkey, fish, shellfish

2. Eat veggies, eggs, cheese, nuts

3. Eat salads with olive oil

4. No bread, rice, potatoes, pasta, baked goods

5. No fruit

6. No candy, cake, cookies, ice cream, sugar

7. No beer or wine
In most pop. wt-loss diets what is done to caloric intake?
It is usually reduced. This usually leads to wt loss.
Why might someone on a pop. wt-loss diet have their hunger satisfied sooner?
Because, of all the 'energy molecules' protein leads to the greatest satiety.
A positive aspect of the pop. wt-loss diets is that they provide what?
A concrete plan for wt loss.
List 4 problems with the pop. wt-loss diets?
1. Sustainability

2. Fat assoc. with protein (though the south beach diet warns against high-fat meats and dairy products)

3. Lack of some nutrients contained in fruits and vegetables

4. Less variety
If carb intake is low what might the body do to meet it's need for glucose?
Glycogen may be broken down.
Once glycogen stores are depleted, how may the body attain it's glucose?
As glycogen stores are depleted (esp. in the liver) protein may be broken down to supply glucose.

When carb. intake is low and it gets to the point where proteins are broken down to supply glucose what may happen to urine?
Urine production may increase. This may increase the excretion of minerals. (increased urea cycle, increased kidney activity)
With low carb. intake what happens to ketone bodies?
KB formation may increase. This may decrease the appetite but can be a problem (in extreme cases)
What are "Net Carbs"?
It is an Atkins term, not recognized by the FDA.
What have manufacturers done to make foods low-carb?
They have replaced sugars with sugar alcohols and refined grains with fiber and resistant starch.
Many of the new "low carb" foods are not low in what?
They are not low in calories and they contain more fat.
What is the bottom line about the pop. wt-loss diets?
Most of these diets lead to wt loss in the short term (months) most of the time. If the loss is sustaine that is good. There are some indications that, over the longer term, the wt loss may not be maintained and weight yo-yoing is not healthy.