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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials as it carries out its life processes.
Combination of chemical reactions
is a signal to which an organism responds
Process by which organisms keep internal conditions like temperature, water contact. ect
Process by which organisms...
The ability of a group of organisms to change over time is invaluable for surbibal in a world that is always changing
What is the monomer for Carbohydrate?
What is the monomer for Lipid
What is the monomer for proteins
amino acids
What is the monomer for proteins
Amino acids
What is the functional group for carbohydrate
carboxyl and hydroxyl
Functional group for lipid
Fatty Acid: Carboxyl, Glycerol: Hydroxyl
Functional group for proteins
Amine, Carboxyl and Hydroxyl
Functional group for Nucleic Acids
Phosphate group
What is a covalent bond
Sharing of electrons
What is Ionic Bond
Gaining or Losing electons
what are Hydrogen bonds
how polar molecules stick together (not a chemical bond)
What do animals store excess sugar as
starch known as glycogen
What do plants store excess sugars as
starch known as cellulose
Lipids store what, due to their numerous C-H bonds?
What are examples of some lipds
Fats, oils, waxes, and many hormoes (steroids)
What are the elements for proteins
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Sulfur
How are proteins made
Amino acids are joined together through dehydration synthesis to make a protein
What are the elements of nucleic acids
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and
What are the four different nitrogen bases
adenine, fuanine, cytosine, and thymine
Nucleotides when joined together by dehydration synthesis make what
what is the function of nucleic acids
to store genetic code, all living organisms share a universal genetic code, RNA help make proteins
How is a lipid made
the glycerol and fatty acids must be joined through dehydration synthesis
What are the elements of lipids
carbon and hydrogen and oxygen
What are the elements of carbohydrates
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What indicates sugar
Glucosem Fructose, Galactose
What are the characterisics of living things
Living things are made up of units called cells, Living things reproduce, Living things are based on a universal genetic code, Living things grow and develop, Living things obtain and use materials and energy, Living things respond to their enviroment, Living things maintain a stable internal enviroment, Taken as a group, living things change over time