Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/18

Click to flip

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
prokaryotes
single celled organisms lacking a nucleus
bacillus
rod shaped prokaryote
spirilla
spiral and corkscrew shaped prokaryotes
flagella
whiplike structures used for movement
photoautotroph
prokaryotes that carry out photosynthesis in a manner like plants
chemoautotrophs
prokaryotes that obtain energy from inorganic molecules
photoheterotrophs
prokaryote that is photsynthetic but also needs organic compounds for nutrition
nitrogen fixation
process of converting oxygen into a form plants can use
pathogens
disease causing agents, such as bacterium or fungi
Antibiotic
compounds that block growth and reproduction of bacteria
Sterilization
destroying bacteria by subjecting them to either great heat or chemical action
Virus
particles made up of nucleic acid, protein, and in some cases lipids that can replicate only by infecting other cells
capsid
a virus's outer protein coat
bacteriophage
viruses that infect bacteria
lytic infection
process in which a virus enters a cell, makes a copy of itself, and causes the cell to burst
lysogenic infection
host cell makes copies of the virus indefinitely
Retrovirus
viruses that contain RNA as their genetic info
prions
infectious particle made up of protein rather than RNA or DNA