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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Dioscorides
wrote De Materia Medica
pharmacopoeias
books of drugs and how to use them
pharmacology
study of drugs
herbals
books listing plants effective for certain illnesses
Paracelsus
Doctrine of Signatures
chaulmoogra oil
leprosy treatment
ephedrine
main ingredient in medicines like Sudafed, used as decongestant and stimulant
Dioscorea
(yam) source of diosgenin and cortisone
Digitalis
(foxglove) used in heart medications to regulate heartbeat, improve circulation
Papaver
26 different kinds of alkaloids isolated (morphine, codeine, etc)
Atropa
(deadly nightshade) used to dilate pupils for eye exams, prevent motion sickness, decrease saliva during oral surgery, prevent bed-wetting
Rauwolfia
(snakeroot)(reserpine) effective against schizophrenia (terrible side effects), rarely used, now
used to treat high blood pressure
Catharanthus
(periwinkle) used for treatment of some cancers
Aloe
gelatinous pulp from leaves is used to treat cuts and burns
Cephaelis
ipecac syrup
Carica
Used to relieve back pain from slipped discs because it selectively dissolves cartilege
xylem
water-conducting tissue
softwood
from conifers
hardwood
from angiosperms
Poaceae
grass family
Agrobacterium tumefaciens
bacterium which naturally transforms plants
retinol
vitamin A
carrying capacity
# of individuals an area (e.g., Earth) can support
Taxol
Promising treatment for ovarian and breast cancer
intercropping
unrelated species planted together
integrated pest management (IPM)
uses combination of birds, insects, other predators, and chemicals to control pests
cinchona
quinine source
white willow bark
aspirin source