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57 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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what are the hormones secreted by anterior lobe?
growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinzing hormone, prolactin.
what is the pituitary gland controlled by?
hypothalamus
something in the brain
what's the short form for adrenocorticotropic hormone?
ACTH
what's the short form for follicle stimulating hormone?
FSH
before releasing hormones, what must the hypothalamus first secrete?
"release hormones"
what does the thyroid gland secrete?
thyroxine
what is the long form for FSH?
follicle stimulating hormone
there are how many parathyroid glands?
4 in all
What are its two lobes?
anterior and posterior
no hint
where is the thyroid gland found?
anterior part of the neck
what's the short form for luteinizing hormone?
LH
what does parathyroid glands secrete?
parathyroid hormone AKA parathormone
what are the two parts of the adrenal gland?
adrenal medulla and adrenal cortex
what do the sex steroids target?
nothing
what is the first thing that is stimulated by sympathetic neurons in a stress situation?
the adrenal medulla
when is prolactin released?
after childbirth
what does the FSH target? what other hormone does the same thing?
the gonads; the LH
what's the short form for growth hormone?
GL
what does thyroxine affect?
what does it do?
most of body's cells; increase metabolism, work body harder, use more energy
what does thyroxine contain?
without that...what will happen?
with excess...what will happen?
iodine; w/o: hypothyroidism (low metabolism, gain weight, more sluggish); too much: hyperthyroidism (high metabolism, lose weight, higher blood pressure)
starts with i
what does prolactin do?
it stimulates mammary glands to produce breast milk
what's the short form for thyroid stimulating hormone?
TSH
what does the pancreas do?
secretes hormones and many digestive enzymes
2 things
in what form do the hormones from the adrenal cortex come in?
steroid
what is glucogenesis?
produce glucose from fats and proteins and release "new" glucose into blood. Targets body cells to use fats for feul instead of glucose, causing an increase in blood glucose levels and increased body metabolism.
what are the parathyroid glands found?
behind thyroid gland
what does parathormone do?
increase calsium in blood
epinephrine and norepinephrine are similar in what ways?
they have same receptors and cause same effects
what's the short form for prolactin?
none
what do the GH do for adults?
replacement of old cells with new cells
what are the hormones secreted by adrenal cortex?
glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and sex steroids
where are the adrenal glands located?
on top of kidneys
what do mineralocorticoids target?
kidneys
what does the ACTH do?
stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete its hormones
what is the long form for TSH?
thyroid stimulating hormone
what does adrenal medulla secrete?
epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
what is the long form for prolactin?
none
what are the two hormones secreted by the posterior lobe?
oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone
o and ac
what is the long form for GH?
growth hormone
what is the long form for LH?
luteinizing hormone
it is whose role to secret enzymes?
the exocrine's role
what is the long form for ACTH?
adrenocorticotropic hormone
what do the GHtarget?
tissues and organs so that they will grow
where is the epinephrine and norepinephrine released to?
blood
which is longer? hormone gone through sympathetic neuron? or through adrenal medulla?
from adrenal medulla
what is the primary form of glucocorticoids?
what does glucocorticoid target?
cortisol; liver
what does the TSH do?
stimulate throid gland to secret thyroxine
what is the primary form of mineralocorticoids? what does it do?
aldosterone; it causes kidneys to retain sodium and water from urine and return to body. (which increases blood volune and blood pressure)
what does the ADH do? what is it also known as?
help kidneys retain water; vasopressin
name starts with v
what does oxytocin do?
causes uterus to contract during childbirth and cause mammary glands to release milk
2 things related to female body
what hormones do the pancreas secrete?
insulin and glucagon
i and g
when is insulin secreted? what does it allow cells to do?
what blood glucose levels are high; allow cells to take glucose out of blood so it can be stored as glycogen to be later used as energy in cellular respiration
when is glucagon used? what is its target organ?
when blood glucose levels are low. target organ is liver
what is glycogenolysis?
the breaking down of glycogen to release gree glucose into the blood.
what are the gonads? what are they called?
sex organs; testes and ovaries
t and o
besides sperm, what else does the testes produce? what is the primary form of that?
androgen; testosterone
besides ova, what 2 other hormones do the ovaries produce?
estrogen and progestrogen