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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
deglutition
swallowing
mastification
chewing
dents
teeth
ligament that attaches tooth to jaw
periodontal
holds tongue in place
frenulum linguae
rhythmic waves of muscular contraction
peristalsis
3 parts of a the tooth
crown, neck, and root
list the 3 salivary glands
parotid, sublingual, submandibular
shape of the stomach; parts of the stomach beginning with most superior
"J"; fundus, cardia, body, greater curvature, lesser curvature, pyloris
cavity behind the mouth
pharynx
6 accessory structures
teeth, tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, & gallbladder
food in stomach; ball of food in mouth
chyme; bolus
secondary teeth in humans; secondary teeth in cats
32; 30
how are teeth identified?; 4 types of teeth
shape; incisors, canines, premolars, and molars
G-cells secrete...
gastrin
parietal secretes...
HCl
goblet secretes...
mucous
chief secretes...
pepsinogen & gastric lipase
pancreatic juice breaks down which 4 things?
carbs, lipids, proteins, & nucleic acids
what produces amelase and what does it act on?
salivary gland/polysaccharides
what receives food and begins mechanical and chemical digestion?
mouth
taking in of food
ingestion
lipase
lipids
nuclease
nucleic acids
trypin & chymoptripsin
proteins
carboxypeptidase
amino acids
muscle between stomach and duodenum
pyloric sphincter
glossy, white structure that protects teeth
enamel
folds in stomach
rugae
another name for GI tract
alimentary canal
components of feces
75% water, bacteria, sluffed off epithelial cells, dissolved gases, electrolytes
5 functions of liver
produces bile, filters, stores vitamin D, detoxification, & phagocytosis
what do villi absorb & wear?
water, nutrients, vitamins, minerals, drugs
what's quickly absorbed in stomach?
alcohol, aspirin, water
what do feces get color and odor from?
bile salts & bacteria
where is most water absorbed?
small intestine
when bile salts break down fats into smaller droplets is called?
emulsification
length of esophagus
12-14"
length of duodenum
10"
length of jejunem
8'
length of ileum
12'
length of large intestine
5'
purpose for sphincters
prevent back flow
4 sphincters
cardiac, pyloric, ileocecal, internal/external anal
5 basic activities of digestion
ingestion, mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption, defecation
most food leaves stomach after how long? ; in which order is the food excreted?
2-6 hours; carbs => proteins => lipids
another name for large intestine
colon
who treats ulcers?
gastroenterologist
who treats hemorrhoids?
proctologist
instrument used to look inside stomach
endoscope
causes jaundice
bilirubin
T/F: kitten is toothless at birth
FALSE