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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Anatomy
Study of an organism's structure
Physiology
Study of what structures do, and how they do it (their function)
Tissue
Group of many similar cells that work together and perform a specific funtion
Organ
Several tissues together that perform a specific task
Organ System
Multiple organs that together perform a neccessary body function
Epithelial Tissue
Covers the surface of the body and lines internal organs
Connective Tissue
Holds together and supports other tissues
Nervous Tissue
Forms the communication system of the body
Neuron
Basic unit of nervous tissue
Skeletal Muscles
Made of skeletal muscle tissue, are attached to the bones and enable various parts of the body to move
Cardiac Muscles
Made of cardiac muscle tissue and are found in the heart
Smooth Muscles
Made of smooth muscle tissue and are found in the digestive system and most other organs
Homeostasis
Stable internal environment which protects itself from changes in the outside environment
Hormones
Chemical signals which regulate body systems
Interstitial Fluid
Fills gaps between cells
Integumentary System
Body's outer covering
Epidermis
Outermost layer of the skin
Melanin
Protein that gives you skin its color
Dermis
Lies beneath the epidermis and is made mostly of connective tissue
Hypodermis
Tissue layer beneath the dermis that contains fat-storing cells and blood vessals
Vertebra
Small, flat bones that make up the back bone
Cartilage
Type of connective tissue that is softer than bone
Marrow
Specialized tissues
Joint
Where one bone meets another bone
Ligaments
Strong, fibrous connective tissues
Arthritis
Inflammation of the joins
Osteoporosis
Where bones become thinner and break more easily
Tendon
Connective tissue that is attched to a bone
Muscle Fiber
Single long muscle cell that contains many nuclei
Myofibrils
Bundles of smaller fibers in a muscle fiber
Sacromeres
Repeating unit in a myofibril
Actin
Protein that makes up thin filaments
Myosin
Protein that makes up thick filaments