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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gametes
haploid cells that is sperm or egg
Diploid
all chromosomes
Haploid
1/2 chromosomes
3 Laws of Mendel
Dominence
Segragation
Independent Assortment
Incomplete Dominance
Blending of dominent and recessive

(Snap Dragon)
Co-Dominece
Two aleles share dominece

(Blood)
Sex Linked
genes carred on x or y chromosomes
(Hemophilia)
Polygenic Inheritance
Trait that is affected by 2 or more alleles
(Eyes on skin color)
Epistasis
expression is blocked

(white on blond)
X-inactivation
genes located on x are inactivated

(calico cats)
Pleiotrophy
one gene affects mulitple pheno

(gene for white coat affects deafness)
Karyotyping
shows all chromosomes
Cytological
shows genes along chromosomes
Biological Evolution
desecent with modification
2 types of evolutiion
small and large
Charles Darwin
Varition within organism
Organism faced hardships they needed to over come
Species
organisms with similar characteristics that can produce viable and fertile offsping
Fitness
how good a particular genotype is at leaving offspring
Mutation
point level at DNA
Migration
join another population
Genetic Drift
"luck"
Natural Selection
nature selects best adapted
Allopatric
physical barrier separates the group

north and south of grand canyon
Parapartic
No physical barrier but different habitants that support adaptions

darwins finches
Sympatric
Pre-zygotic mechanism: mating rituals

Post-zygotic: infertile offspring
Divergent
increase variation

Whales and Dolphin
Co-Evolution
decrease in variation

Wasps and Orchids
Convergent
Increase

Seals and Penguins
Adaptive
Increase

Darwin FInches
Ecology
study of interactions of organisms wiht one another and their surroundings
Organism
individual
Eco Organization
Organism
Population
Community
Ecosystem
Biosphere
Niche
Where an organism lives and its role in the environment
Biome
a grouping of all the ecosystems of a similar type
Landscape
a group of interacting ecosystems in a particualr area
Biotic Factors
living things that directly or indirectly affect the organisms

Predation
Abiotic Factor
Nonliving chemical or physical factors that affect the organisms chance to surive

Weather
Symbiosis
a close, permanent relationship of different species
Commensalism
benefit
not harm

+,0

bird on tree
Mutalism
Both benefit

+,+

Bacteria in soil
Parasitism
one benefit
one harmed

+.-

Bark beetles on tree
3 Trophic Levels
Producers
Consumers
Detrius Feeders and Decomposers
Feeding Relationships
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
Scavenger
Decomposer
Intertidal Zone
area where water meets land
Neritic Zone
shallow region over continental shelve
Oceanic Zone
very deep water past continental shelve
Pelagic Zone
open water at any depth
Benthic Zone
Seafloor
Steady State
when average growth is at 0
Carrying Capacity
size of population during steady state (K)
Density-dependednt limiting factor
factors that control population size

Competion
Density-independednt limiting factor
factors that control population size no matter size

Weather
Biodegradeable
Wastes that can be broken down into new materials
Nonbiodegraable Waste
Waste that cannot be broken down into new things
Smog
Air pollution from smoke and fog
Acid Rain
Water Vapor plus pollution
Greenhouse Effect
Carbon Dioxide is in the atomospher and mixed with heat to form blanket
Ethology
study of animal behavoior
Type 1
SEE WORD DOCUMENT
Type 2
SEE WORD DOCUMENT
Type 3
SEE WORD DOCUMENT
Type 4
SEE WORD DOCUMENT
Type 5
SEE WORD DOCUMENT
Thig
Touch
Geo
Gravity
Photo
Light
Chemo
Chemical
Hydro
Water
Tropism
TO respond
Horomes in plant
Auxin
Ethlyene
Embryology
Study of things not born
Palenontology
Study of things extinct
Molecular Bio
Studying things at a biochem level
Homologous
Same Anatomy
Differnt Function
Analogous
Same Function
No Common Ancestor
Vestigial
Huge function in one
Limited in another
Taxonomy
classifying things based on phenotypic similarites
Cladisitcs
Classifying things based on relationship
Order of Taxonomy
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Geneus
Species
6 Kingdoms
Monera
Protista
Fungi
Plantae
Animalia
Cerebrum
higher complex learning
Parietal Lobe
Sensory
Corpus Collosome
separates 2 hemis
Occipital Lobe
Vision
Cerebellum
Cordination
Brain Stem
Basic Body Functions
Lens
Words Magnified
Cornea
Light passes and processes info
Pupil
Lets in light
Optic Nerve
cable to brian