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26 Cards in this Set

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name the 6 kingdoms
Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
Name the three shapes of bacteria
Basillus- rod shaped
Cocus- spherical
Sprillum-spiral
Invertebrates with bilateral symmetry
Arthropods, annelids, mollusks
Invertebrate animal phyla that have radial symmetry
Echinoderms, Cnidarians
Invertebrates wiht a gastrovascular cavity
poriferia, cnidarians,
Kingdom Archaebacteria
evolved first; most primitive
prokaryote
Kingdom Eubacteria
Common bacteria; both beneficial and harmful to humans; three general shapes;
Protists
diverse eukaryotivc mostly unicellular
freshwater or amrine
three forms of movement:
flagellum-whiplike tail
cilia-hairlike projections
Pseudopodia- extended cytoplasm
Three types: animal like (protoaoza
plant like (algae)
fungus like (slimes and water molds)
movement
# of types and what they are
animal vocab
dorsal
ventral
cranial
caudal
media
top
bottom
toward the head
towards the side
towards the middle (center)
Animal characteristics
complex, multicellular, heterotroplic, eukaryote
specialization
movement
symmetry- bilateral or radial
cephalization
vertebrates/invertabrates
sexual reproduction
Phylum Porifera
Sponges
aquatic, pore-bearing
no true tissue/organs
no symmetry
can reproduce sexually or asexually-hermaphroditic
Sissil: attach don't move
filter feeders
symmetry
reproduction
habitat
how it feeds
Phylum Cnidarian
Animals with stinging cells and tentecles
radial symmetry
have tissues and few simple organs
2 cell layers
Gastrovascular cavity
Specialized cells for defense and prey
Nerve net
Two body plans- polyp, and Medusa
semmerty
insides
cells
net
body plans
Phylum Platyhelminths
Flatworms
free-living or parasitic
bilateral symmetry
Gastrovascular cavity
Primitive organs
Gas exchange w/en. thru diffusion
cephalization
planarian
what it is
how it lives
symmerty
digestive
organs
head?
Phylum Nematoda
Roundworms
Digestive tract w/ 2 openings
Trichinella in undercooked pork
Phylum Mollusca
Mollusks
Mostl bilateral symmetry
Radula
Three classes:
Gastropoda: most have shell
open circulatory
Bivalvia: unique opening and closing shell-no head
Cephlaupod- free swimming; closed circulatory; chromaphores
symmerty
toungue
three classes
Phylum Annelid
segmented worms
Advantages: segemented coelom enables different parts of the body to contract and expand independently
Cephalization
CLOSED circulatory system
well developed digestive circulatory and nervous and respiratory systems
advantages
head?
circulatory
Phylum Annelid
segmented worms
Advantages: segemented coelom enables different parts of the body to contract and expand independently
Cephalization
CLOSED circulatory system
well developed digestive circulatory and nervous and respiratory systems
advantages
head?
circulatory
Phylum Arthropoda
Arthropoids- segmented and jointed feet
hard exoskeleton for protectiona nd support
bilateral symmerty
OPEN circulatory system
breathe thru spericals
compound eyes
symmetry
circulatory
Phylum Echinodermata
spiny skinned animals
(penta) radial symmerty
NO cephalization
endoskeleton made of calcium carbonate plates
water vascular system
tube feet
External fertilization
endoskeleton
feet
symmetry
Class Agnatha
Jawless fish
descendents of first fish
no jaws, oaltes or scales
Cartilage skeleton, eel-like body
descendents of
no...
skeleton
...like body
Class Chondrichthyes
Cartaliage fish
cartaliage skeleton
movable jaws
paired fins
carnivorous
skeleton
Class Osteichthyes
Bony fish *fish most firmiliar with
bony skeleton
swim bladder to control byoyancy
Scales to protect and reduce water resistance
skeleton
bladder
Class ASmphibia
moved onto land to escape preditors and take advantage of new rescources
aquatic larvae terrestrial adult
moist thin skin w/o scales
webbed feet w/o claws
breathe w/gills lungs and skin
moved
larvae to adult
skin
feet
breathe
Class Reptilia
50 mya
AMNIOTIC EGG- embryo encased in self contained aquatic enviornment
scales made of keratine
prevent water loss
have lungs
cold-blooded
special egg
scales
blood
Class Aves
140 mya birds
wings, feathers, no teeth
lightweight skeleton make of fused skeletal parts
large sternum
extremely efficiant respritory system
body temp warmer than humans
skeleton
respritory
large....
Class Mamimalia
4 chambered heart
warm-blooded
hair/fur
produce milk for young
single jaw bond, specialized teeth
appeared during time of dinosaurs
Three types:
Monotremes-lay eggs
Marsupials-born early and develop in mother's pouch
Plavental- complete development in womb
heart
blood
young
teeth
dino
three types