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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cytoskeleton
sx:micofiliments, intermediate filametns, microtubulars
fx:cell shape, cell movement, organelle movement, cell division
nuclear envelope
sx:phospholipid, surrounds but has pores
fx:separates nuc from cytoplasm, allows selective exchange
nucleus
sx:DNA
fx:comand/control center of what goes in and out, makes proteins
nuceleolus
sx:RNA,proteins,ribosomes,DNA
fx:makes ribosomes, site of ribosome synthesis
chromosomes
sx: DNA + protein
fx: codes for protein synthesis
ribosomes
sx:RNA + protein
fx:makes proteins
plasma membrane
sx:outer boundry of cell
fx:separates cytoplasm from outside environment while allowing selected things to go in and out
rough ER
sx:interconnected tubes and channels + ribosomes
fx:makes proteins
smooth ER
sx:interconnected tubes and channels
fx: makes lipids
golgi
sx:squashed ER
fx:separates, modifies, packages lipids and proteins into vesicles
lysosomes
sx:made from golgi, contains digestive enzymes
fx:fuses w/ food vacuoles --> breakdown of AA,fats,sugars
vacuoles
sx:sac filled w/ fluid, fuses w/lysosomes
fx:digest food into AA,fatty acids, sugars and gets rid of organelles gone bad
chloroplats
sx:double memebrane sacs, contain chlorophll
fx:photosynthesize
mitochondria
sx:own DNA, double membrane
fx:extract energy from food --> ATP