Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
eukaryote
cells with a nucleus
prokaryote
cells without a nucleus or internal compartments
endoplastic reticulum
membranes that help transfer proteins and other materials throughout the cell
rough ER
membranes with ribosomes
organelle
any structure in the cell that performs a specific function
nucleus
home of DNA
chloroplast
photosynthesis organelle in plants
smooth ER
membranes without ribosomes
ribosomes
produces proteins
central vacuole and cell wall
makes cell rigid
lysosomes
digestive system of the cell (contains digestive enzyme)
peroxisome
excretory system
Golgi apparatus
modifies and redistributes proteins
vesicle
any small, membrane-bound sac that transfers materials freely throughout the cell
mitochondria
powerplant of the cell (makes ATP)
cytoskeleton
a system of microscopic fibers
flagella/cilia
single-celled organisms use this to move
cytoplasm
the cell interior
protein
protein made by ribosomes, transported along the ER, sent off in a vesicle to the golgi body to be modified, and distributed again along another vesicle
cell theory
1. all cells rise from existing cells
2. cells are the basic unit of structure and function of living organisms
3. all living things have one or more cells