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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Photosythesis
Converting sunlight energy into chemical energy
Chlorophyll
Pigment that releases electrons when hit by light
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Small energy packets used by cells
Electron Transport
Part of photosythesis where electrons are passed from one carrier to another
C6H12O6
Formula for glucose
Respiration
Process involving oxygen that breaks down food molecules
Aerobic
Of or realating to oxygen
Krebs' Cycle
Process through which plants use pyruvic acid to make ATP, NADH, and FADH2
Light reactions
Energy of sunlight is captured and used to make usable energy compounds
Dark reactions
Process that uses ATP, NADH, and CO2 to make PGAL
Autotroph
Make their own energy
Heterotroph
Must consume energy
Anaerobic
Not using oxygen
Calorie
The amount of heat needed to raise one gram of water by one degree Celsius
Glycolysis
Series of chemical reactions that produces 2 ATP and 2 Pyruvic Acid
Fermentation
Process that regenerates NAD+
Lactic Acid
Produced from pyruvic acid during fermentation when there is no oxygen available
PGAL
Building blocks of glucose
Photosystem
Clusters of pigment molecules
NADH
Used for storing energy; "electron basket"
Metabolism
The total sum of all chemical reactions in the body
Catabolism
The break-down of substances
Annabolism
The build-up from chemical reactions
Osmolarity
The measure of concentration
Enzyme
Proteins that speed-up chemical reactions
Chromosone
Length of DNA in eukaryotic cells
Cyclins
Proteins that regulate the cell cycle (brake or accelerate)
Centromere
Protein that holds two chromatids together
Chromatid
One of two strands of DNA that make-up a chromosone
Chromatin
Used to describe all the DNA in the nucleus