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12 Cards in this Set

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Circumstances and conditions that surround us including both the natural and the social/cultural worlds in which we live
environment / environmental science
basic assumptions of science
the world is knowable and we can learn about it through careful observations
difference between HYPOTHESIS and THEORY
hypothesis - testable, provisional explanation.

theory - explanation supported by LOTS of evidence regarded by many scientists as likely to be correct
steps in scientific method
1) identifying a question
2) forming a testable hypothesis
3) collecting data
4) interpreting results
5) reporting results for peer review
6) publish findings
follows established rules for precision, reliability, reproducibility, and peer review.
sound science
ex: many politicians may use this to mean anything that supports their own agenda, while denouncing opposing evidence as "junk" science, no matter how well documented
example of sound science
difference between UTILITARIAN CONSERVATION and BIOCENTRIC PRESERVATION
UTILITARIAN - pragmatic, efficient resource use for the greatest good for the greatest number for the longest time. Pinchott and Roosevelt.

BIOCENTRIC - emphasizes the rights of other organisms - and nature - to exist regardless of their usefulness to us.
*Muir
worries about the life-support systems of our planet. It follows pragmatic resource conservation, biocentric preservation, and modern environmentalism
*Rene Dubos, Barbara Ward, Maurice Strong important leaders
global environmentalism and why it's the 4th wave in environmental history
why water is regarded as most critical resource of 21st century
1.1 million ppl lack access to clean water. 15 million die annually from diseases linked to polluted water.
link between poverty and environmental quality
poorest people are usually the victims of environmental degradation. they have few options.
the search for ecological stability and human progress that can last over the long term.
sustainability
can be defined as "meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs"
sustainable development