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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Glucagon
raises blood sugar levels
Neuroendcrine cells
generate impulses and release hormones into blood vessels
Norepinephrine
play roles in metabolism, controls blood pressure and heart activity
Pineal Gland
synchronizes body rhythms
Second Messenger
Carries a message provided by the hormones without the hormone ever entering cell
Cortisol
Assists glucagons in maintaining blood glucose levels during fasting
Steroid
Insoluble in water
Insulin
lowers blood sugar levels
Parathyroid hormone
removes calcium and phosphate in bone
increases absorption of calcium by digestive tract
kidneys retain calcium and excrete phosphate
Pathogen
invade or poison living cells
Virus
Extremely small infectious agents
Aldosterone
hormone for regulating sodium and potassium in the body
Calcitonin
decreases bone reabsorbtion in inhibiting osteoblasts, and calcium uptake
Epinephrine
metabolize and control blood pressure and heart activity
Hepatic Portal System
carries blood from digestive organs to the liver
Peristalsis
Propels food foreward
Bowman's Capsule
surrounds and encloses a network of cappilaries
Peritubular Capillary
removes water, ions, and nutrients
corpus leteum
secretes large amounts of progesterone and estrogen
ovarian cycle
patterns of growth, maturation, and release of oocytes for the ovaries
Testosterone
Male reproductive hormone
Dipoid
a pair of chromosomes
Haploid
sperm and eggs- only 23 chromosomes
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromosomes that are the same
Regulatory genes
repress or activate regulatory proteins
Structural genes
code for an enzyme or structural protein
Transcription
where DNA is converted into RNA
Leukemia
cancers of immature white blood cells within bone marrow
Lymphoma
cancers in the the lymphoid tissues
Metastasis
spread of cancer from one region to another
Translation
mRNA converts to amino acids to compose a specific protein
Carcinogen
any substance or physical factor that causes cancer
Dysplasia
A change for the worse in cell structure
Hyperplasia
increase rate in cell division
Proto- Oncogene
normal genes that promote cell growth, differentiation, division or adhesion