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39 Cards in this Set

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Epinephrine is which type of hormone
Peptide Hormone
Epinephrine is released by the
Adrenal Medulla
"Fight or Flight" response is associated with which type of NS
Sympathetic NS
Released from thyroid and reduces blood calcium
Calcitonin
Proteases, Lipases, Amylases, and Bicarbonate Ions are excreted from
Pancreas
Aldosterone released from
Adrenal Cortex
Which hormone raises the concentration of blood calcium
PTH (Parathyroid Hormone)
Stimulates the conversion of glycogen to glucose
Glucagon from pancreas
Hormone that stimulates the conversion of glucose to glycogen
Insulin
Anterior Pituitary releases which hormones
FSH and LH
An enzyme that converts the plasma protein angiotensinogen to angiotensin 1
Renin (derived from kidneys)
Decreases plasma glucose
Insulin
Increases plasma glucose
Glucagon
Increases ionized calcium
PTH (Parathyroid Hormone)
Decreases ionized calcium
Calcitonin
Which organ is both and exocrine and endocrine organ
Pancreas
Adrenal Gland divided into
Adrenal Cortex and Adrenal Medulla
What do the two Adrenal glands secrete
Adrenal Cortex - Aldosterone/Cortisol , Adrenal Medulla - Epinephrine/Norepinephrine
Growth hormones are secreted by
Anterior Pituitary
Calcium levels in bloods regulated by which two hormones
PTH and Calcitonin
Stimulates the secretion of glucocorticoids
ACTH
Increases uterine contractions during childbirth
Oxytocin
Hormone that prepares the uterus for implantation of a fertilized egg
Progesterone
None
Incuces water reabsorbtion in the kidneys
Aldosterone
Stimulates the release of glucose into the blood
Glucagon
Increases the rate of metabolism
Thyroxin
Which hormone increases blood volume
Aldosterone
6 CO2 + 12 H2O + light engergy -> C6H12O6 + 6 O2 +
6 H2O

(Name this equation)
Photosynthesis
C6H12O6 + O2 -> CO2 + H2O

(Name this equation)
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis consists of which two steps?
Light Reactions and Dark Reactions
What is produced during light reactions?
NADPH, ATP, and Oxygen
What occurs during dark reactions (Calvin Cycle)?
CO2 is fixed
Active Transport required energy in the form of?
ATP and NADH

(do not confuse NADH from NADPH which is produced during light reactions in photosynthesis).
A complete cycle of cellular respiration yields how many ATP?
36 ATP
If there's an absence of O2 during Glycolysis, what 3 things happen?
1. Sytem undergoes Fermentation

2. For every molecule of glucose, 2 ATP are produced

3. Ethanol and Lactic Acid are produced.
Transcription is
DNA -> mRNA
Translation is
Nucleotides to Amino Acids
Alpha and Beta-pleated sheets are primary, secondary, or tertiary structures of proteins?
Secondary Structures
In order for a single polypeptide protein to be functional, it must adopt which structure (primary, secondary, tertiary, or quaternary)
Tertiary Structure